Sunday, February 14, 2016

All Indigenous people in Brazil

1mi people, 305 ethnic groups speaking 274 different Languages in Brazil
There is a whole universe of cultures in Brazil, that even the vast majority of Brazilians do not have a clue of their existence. There are approximately one million people, belonging to 305 ethnic groups speaking 274 different languages. Blemya did her homework and brought together more than 241 ethnic groups of Indigenous people in Brazil.

Read This article in Portuguese

In order not to stigmatize real people and their cultures, and to eliminate the 'boredom', Blemya has  adopted the Tupi-Pop profile of her blogs, and decided to depict each race through Toy Arts, and just like the hundreds of Pokemon, Naruto characters, etc., indigenous ethnic groups will be subject of easy understanding to the Otakus* of the Tupi-Pop culture.

 Pib Socioambiental beautiful work served as framework for this study, it was the most organized and well arranged research on the subject, so by clicking on a specific ethnic group that does not have an illustrated character, the link will led you to original site. Unfortunately, texts still are written in Portuguese, but in time, I’ll translate all of them into English.

From the discovery of Brazil by the Portuguese in 1500, Europeans began to have a major contact with the Tupi-Guarani tribes who were spread across almost the entire Brazilian coast. The Tupi-Guarani called the indigenous people of different languages as 'Tapuia' - which in their language meant "enemy". The word ‘Tapuia’ was incorporated by Europeans and they started to believe that there were only two major indigenous nations: the Tupi-Guarani and Tapuia.

The Tapuias was considered by Europeans as more primitive, difficult to catechize, and to conquer, so they were fought and exterminated - many of the individuals and their tribes have disappeared so completely that don’t exist even a single direct record of their existence.

In the nineteenth century, the German scientist Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius traveled to a large part of Brazilian territory and proposed a division of Brazilian Indians according to a linguistic criterion. Based on this criterion, he created the ‘Gê’ group, which included tribes that spoke similar languages and who used to call themselves by utilizing the gê particle, meaning "father", "boss" or "ancestor".  An alternative name, according to Martius itself, would 'cram' because in this group was also widely used to cran particle ("son", "Down") for the appointment of the tribes. Much of the ancient tribes of Tapuias was encompassed by the Gê group.

In the early twentieth century, anthropologists began to reject the name "Tapuia" and adopted the name "GES" for this other group of language families. In 1953, the Brazilian Association of Anthropology took the form "Gê" in lieu of "Ge". With the spelling reform, which advocated the use of "j" instead of "g" for the coming terms of Brazilian indigenous languages, the word "Gê" came to be spelled "JJE".

Because they have similarities in their origins is possible to classify the linguistic groups and linguistic trunks - the linguist Morris Swadesh has an important work of classification that besides the genetic lineage, took into account the method known as glottochronology, which is determined primarily from a basic vocabulary of a hundred or two common terms, which are the true cognates (words that demonstrate being derived from a single ancestral word). A rate of 81% of cognates indicate five centuries since the two languages are separated; 36% indicate approximately 2,500 years of separation; 12% some 5,000 years.

Unfortunately the native languages of indigenous Brazilian tribes are among the most endangered in the world. If you lived in the village of São Paulo de Piratininga (today the megalopolis of São paulo) 300 years ago, you would be speaking Indian language. Only 2 out of every 5 inhabitants of the city knew the Portuguese. So in 1698, the provincial governor, Artur de Sa e Meneses, begged Portugal to only send priests who knew "the general language of the Indians", because "these people can not be catechized in another language"

For reasons like these, according to a classification made by the National Geographic Society and the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages, the Indian languages started being replaced by Spanish and Portuguese in Brazil's border with Bolivia and Paraguay, in the Andes and the Chaco region, the researchers found. For example, less than 20 people speak Ofaié, and less than 50 are able to express in Guató.

Most countries were built on top of people's destruction, Brazil is one of the few that still has an important chance to redeem its identity and to learn from the remnant.

In order to better understand Brazilian natives, the groups were divided in 20 ethnic groups, four of them are the most important, the Tupi, Macro Ge, Arawak and Karib, as described below:



Tupi group Toy Art

1 - Tupi Group

The term "Tupi" has two meanings: one generic and other specific. The general sense of the term refers to the Indians who inhabited the Brazilian coast in the 16th century and spoke the language Tupi Antigo (old Tupi). The specific meaning of the term refers to the Indians who inhabited the region the Brazilian coast including the current city of São Vicente, at the same time, were the first Indians to have contact with the Portuguese who arrived here.

The Tupi Group is divided into 10 families: Tupi-Guarani, Arikém, Aweti, Juruna, Mawé, Puroborá, Mundurukú, Ramarama and Tupari.


Macro-Ge group in Toy Art

2 - Macro-Ge Group

The languages of the Macro-Ge trunk bequeathed a few words to the Portuguese language, though not as eloquently as the languages of the Tupi. Generally, they are toponymes  of the southern part of Brazil, originated in Caingangue language as Goioerê, Xanxerê, Erechim, Erebango Ere Campo, Goioxim, Brazil, Nonoai, etc.

Grupo Aruak em Toy Art

3 – Arwak Group

The Arawak languages or Nuaruaques, Arawaks, Aruak - form a family of Amerindian languages of South America and the Caribbean Sea. Arawak languages are spoken in much of the territory of the Americas to the south of Paraguay, and northern countries of the north coast of South America, such as Suriname, Guyana and Venezuela.

According to linguist Aryon Rodrigues, this language, also known as Lokono, was spoken in some West Indian islands like Trinidad. When Europeans stated their colonization of the Caribbean, the Arawak people divided with the Karib people. they were the first to have contact with the Europeans. As Karib, the Arawak people name came to be used to designate the set of languages found within the continent and related to the Arawak language. Also according to this author, this set of languages was also called Maipure or Nu-Arawak and corresponds to what Carl Friedrich von Martius for more than a century called Guck or Coco.

Karib group in Toy Art

4 - Karib Group

The Carib languages, Caribes, Karib, Caribas, Caraíbas are an indigenous language family of Central America and South America. It is scattered throughout northern South America, from the mouth of the Amazon River to the Colombian Andes, but also appears in central Brazil. The Carib languages are relatively close together.

Aikanã, Arawá, Guaikurú and Iranxé groups in Toy Art

5 - Aikanã Group

Aikanã (also known as Aikanã, Massacá, Massaká, Huari, Corumbiara, Kasupá, Mundé, Tubarão, Winzankyi) is a Brazilian indigenous people that speak the language Aicanã. The Aikanã live in the state of Rondônia, in the Guaporé River basin. Its three villages are part of the Indigenous Land Tubarão Latundê, located 100 kilometers from the border with Bolivia and 180 kilometers from the nearest city, Vilhena.

6 - Group Arauá

The Arawá, (also known as Arauá, Deni, Jarawara, Kanamanti, Kulina, Paumari, Jamamandi and Zuruahá) are indigenous groups that inhabits the southwestern Brazilian state of Amazonas, specifically the "Deni Indigenous Land", located in the municipalities Itamarati and Tapauá.

The first contacts with the white man the probably happened in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century.

The Arawá are among the indigenous groups of the region rivers Juruá and Purus which, in the 1940s, have suffered the impact of the second rubber boom, which attracted thousands of migrants. Through these came diseases, violent territorial disputes and exploitation of indigenous labor. Since then, Arawá had to wait decades to have their guaranteed territorial rights, and need to start a self-demarcation of the land campaign, with the support of some NGOs, to then get the official demarcation, which was only completed in August 2003.

7 - Guaikurú Group

The term refers Guaicurus indigenous groups whose languages belong to Guaicuru linguistic family. They were notorious for being a warrior tribe that used horses for hunting and attacks. Migrated to Brazil, in the region of Mato Grosso do Sul and Goiás, fleeing from colonization in the northern region of Paraguay.

8 - Group Iranxé

The Irantxe (are also known as Iranxe), are located in Mato Grosso-MT and according to data from FUNASA-2010 has a population of 379 inhabitants. Manoki, as they call themselves, are best known as Irantxe, whose language has no similarity with other linguistics families. His story, however, is not very different from most of the Indians in Brazil, were virtually decimated as a result of massacres and diseases from contact with whites. In the mid-twentieth century, most of the survivors saw no alternative but to live in a Jesuit mission, responsible for the profound socio-cultural disintegration of the group.

Jabuti, Kanoê, Katukina and Kwazá groups in Toy Art

9 - Jabuti Group

The Jabutis (they are also known as Djeoromitxí and Arikapu) are an indigenous group that inhabits the southern Brazilian state of Rondônia, the more precisely Rio Branco Indigenous Areas, Guaporé River and Indigenous Land Jabuti. In the past the tribe was very threatened by the presence of garimpeiros in its original area, a fact partly resolved by the demarcation of their lands.

Most jabuti language speakers also speak Portuguese and there are others who still know how to communicate through other indigenous languages.

10 - Kanoê Group

The Kanoê (brasílic ethnonym) or canoes are an indigenous group that inhabits the southern Brazilian state of Rondonia, specifically the Rio Branco Indigenous Lands and Rio Guaporé.

Massacre

In 1985, the canoes farmers have suffered attacks in Corumbiará, municipality that gives name to the documentary Franco-Brazilian Vincent Carelli. It is not known how many indigenous people (among them the Akuntsu ethnicity) were killed, but it is speculated that it was using a bulldozer, it serves to clear large areas.

11 - Katukina Group

Catuquinas or Katukina is a denominated a name to at least three indigenous groups:

The first, the Katukina language family, called Katukina Rio Biá, located on the river Jutaí region in southwestern Amazonas state, on indigenous lands Paumari the Cuniuá, Paumari Lake Paricá, Rio Biá and Tapauá.

Katukina are also called two groups of linguistic pano family, located in the state of Acre. But neither of these two pano groups recognize the term "Katukina" as a self. One of them, located on the banks of the Envira river, near the town of Feijó, calls himself-Shanenawa and would be part of a clan Yawanawá people.

"Since time immemorial, the Yawanawá, the people of the jawbone, occupy the headwaters of the Gregório River, an affluent of the Juruá, geographically belonging to the municipality of Tarauacá, Acre. Its current population is 636 people and belongs to the linguistic branch Pano. The families are distributed in communities Nova Esperança, Mutum, Escondido, Tiburcio and Matrinxã. the communities are formed by Yawanawá families, Arara, Kãmãnawa (people of the jaguar), Iskunawa (Japó people), Ushunawa (people of color white), Shanenawa ( people blue bird), Rununawa (the snake people) and Kaxinawá (the bat people). "

But the other group, called Katukina-Pano, inhabitant of villages located on the banks of Campinas and Gregório rivers, does not recognize any meaning in the name "Katukina" in their language, but accepts the name. They tell their members that she was "given by the government." However, in recent years, young indigenous leaders have encouraged the consolidation of the designation of Noke Kuin, Noke Noke Kui or Koi (in Portuguese, "real people") for the group. Internally, six other self-denominations are used which refer to the six clans in which the group is divided. It was observed that these names are almost identical to the names of some clans Marubo people, with which Katukina-called Pano present several other linguistic and cultural similarities.

12 - Kwazá Group

The Kwazá (also Coaia or Koaia ) are an Amerindian people inhabiting the southern Brazilian state of Rondônia, the region where they lived since time immemorial. After opening the BR-364 road, in the 1960s, farmers drove them out of fertile land where they lived and in 2008 formed a society of only 40 individuals, living in the Indigenous Land Tubarão Latundê in the municipality of Chupinguaia, along with Aikanã and Latundê. Most of them are mixed with Aikanã. There's another mixed family Kwazá and Aikanã living in Indigenous Kwazá the San Pedro River. They speak a language isolate that is threatened with extinction.

Maku, Mura, Nambikwara and Pano groups Toy Art

13 - Maku Group

The Macus is a Brazilian indigenous group divided in subgroups called Daw, Hupda, Iuhupde and Nadebe.

The term, however, may refer to an indigenous group inhabiting the Brazilian state of Roraima and that would have merged with iecuanas the twentieth century. According to Jorge Pozzobon (1955-2001) is common in the region the distinction between so-called "river Indians", speaks of Tukano and Arawak, and the "kill the Indian," says Maku. The approximately three thousand Maku (1999) are distributed in an area between Brazil and Colombia in an area of approximately 20 million hectares, which are dispersed by patches of forest, limited the north by the river Guaviare (Colombian tributary of the Orinoco River) north by the Negro river, south by the river Japura and the southeast by the river Uneiuxi (Brazilian affluent of Negro).

14 - Mura Group

The Mura is a Brazilian indigenous group that inhabits the center and the east of Amazonas state, specifically in indigenous areas Boa Vista, Capybara, Cuia, Cunha, Hawk, Guapenu, Itaitinga, Lake Aiapoá, Murutinga Christmas / Happiness, Onça, Padre, Paracuhuba, Recreation / San Felix, San Pedro, Tracajá, Trench, Méria, Miratu, Tabocal and Pantaleão.

15 - Nambikwara Group
The Nambikwara, also called Anunsu, Anunzê, Nambikwara, Nambikuára, Nambikwara, Nhambikuara or Nhambiquara are a Brazilian indigenous people. They are located in western Mato Grosso and Rondônia.

In 1999 amounted to 1145 individuals. Their customs are hunting and gathering and rarely had contact with non-Indians until 1965, when non-Indians began to invade their land for mining and illegal logging.

Its subgroups are Nambiquara do Campo (Mato Grosso and Rondonia), North Nambikwara (Mato Grosso and Rondonia), the Nambikwara Sararé (Mato Grosso) and Southern Nambikwara (Mato Grosso).

16 - Group Pano

Pano are indigenous groups whose languages belong to the Pano linguistic family. In the past, they were called bearded.

According to some linguists, the term pejorative pano: comes from panobu, which would mean "the willows", not being a self-designation of these people, but rather, a heteronym given by people belonging to other language families.

People belonging to the Pano family are located in the far west of the Brazilian Amazon and in the region corresponding to the Andean piedmont, Peru.

All people whose names are terminated by -nawa suffix -náua or -nauá belong to this group: Kaxinawá, Yawanawá, Shawanawá (or Shawadawã) Shanenawá, Jaminawa, among others. Also belong to this group and the Marubo Corubo (Javari Valley) and Shipibo (Peru Juruá-Ucaially). The Katukina Acre also speak a Pano language family (not to be confused with the Katukina of Amazonas). Apparently -náua suffix or -nawa means "people" or "people", plus a given name indicates that this people clan belongs. Eg Shanenaua (people of Blue Bird), Yawanawá (jawbone people), etc. People Pano or nawa share not only linguistic similarities but also in traditional songs, in ritual practices in traditional stories and body painting, and other aspects of their culture.

Trumai, Tikuna, Txapakura and Yanomami groups in Toy Art

17 - Trumai Group

The Trumai an isolated language and really committed, was the last group to arrive at the Xingu. There are now only 30 speakers and children no longer learn the language, preferring to speak Portuguese, although some of them also speak other languages Xingu, as Kamayará the Aweti or Suyá.

18 - Tikuna Group

The Tikuna (Tikuna, Tucuna or Maguta) is an Amerindian people who live currently the border between Peru and Brazil and the Amazonian Trapezium, in Colombia. Form a society of more than 50 000 individuals, split between Brazil (36,000), Colombia (eight thousand) and Peru (seven thousand), being the most numerous indigenous people of the Brazilian Amazon.

19 - Group Txapakura

The Txapakura, came from regions basins, streams, affluent and headwater streams located in southwestern Amazonia. Occupied regions of the Lage river basins and river basins of Ouro Preto, the igarapé of the Grotto, the stream Santo André and the stream Rio Negro, the right bank affluent of Mamore where it came from one of their denominations.

However, until the early twentieth century they remained isolated, perhaps because they lived in hard to reach areas or little economic interest. The Waris, the Txapakuras group has been mentioned for the first time in history by Colonel Ricardo Franco in 1798, found the riverbanks Pacaás Novos.

This situation has to change with the development of the rubber vulcanization process, which took place in the mid nineteenth century, which led to the search for this raw material in the forests, hitherto little explored.

20 - Yanomami Group

The Ianomâmis, Yanomami Yanoama Yanomami Yanomami or are hunters and farmers Indians who inhabit Brazil and Venezuela. It consists of four subgroups: Yanomae, Yanomami Sanima and Ninam. Each group speaks its own language: together they make up the Yanomami language family. The Yanomami tribe is the seventh largest Brazilian Indian tribe, with 15,000 people distributed in 255 villages related to each other to a greater or lesser degree. Northwest of Roraima, are situated 197 villages totaling 9506 people, and the north of the Amazon, are situated 58 villages totaling 6510 people.

-----

·      Otaku (  ?) Is a term used in Japan and other countries to describe fans of anime and manga. However, in Japan, the term can be used to describe a fan of anything in a large excess.

·      The word otaku in Japanese originally a respectful treatment in the second person ( ? Lit. his home), or "your house", a kind of pronoun most archaic Nipponese. This reference arose from the combination of the economic prosperity of Japan after the war, the intense relationship between consumption and media technologies and the appeal of the visual references of manga (comics) and anime (animation) .Otaku became assigned to people who spent a lot of time at home, consuming such a culture.

·      The humorist and columnist Akio Nakamori noted that the word was widely used among anime fans and popularized around 1989, when used in one of his books.


#NamesOther names or writingslinguistic familydemographic info
1AikanãMassacá, Tubarão, Columbiara, Mundé, Huari, AikanáAikaná
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO328Siasi/Sesai 2012
2AikewaraSuruí, Sororós, AikewaraTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA351Siasi/Sesai 2012
3AkuntsuAkunt'suTupari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO5Siasi/Sesai 2012
4AmanayêAmanaié, AraradeuaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA131Siasi/Sesai 2012
5AmondawaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO113Siasi/Sesai 2012
6AnacéAnacé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE1281Siasi/Sesai 2012
7AnambéTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA131Siasi/Sesai 2012
8AparaíApalai, Apalay, Appirois, Aparathy, Apareilles, AparaiKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA466Siasi/Sesai 2012
Guiana Francesa40Eliane Camargo 2011
Suriname10Eliane Camargo 2011
9ApiakáApiacáTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT. PA844Siasi/Sesai 2012
10ApinajéApinaié, Apinajés, Timbira, Apinayé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO2412Siasi/Sesai 2012
11ApurinãIpurina, PopukareAruak-maipure
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM, MT,RO8300Siasi/Sesai 2012
12AranãAranã
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MG362Funasa 2010
13ArapasoArapasso, ArapaçoTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM414Siasi/Sesai 2012
14ArapiunsArapium
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
2204Siasi/Sesai 2012
15AraraArara do Pará, UkaragmaKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA363Siasi/Sesai 2012





19Arara ShawãdawaArara do Acre, ShawanauaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC545Siasi/Sesai 2012





23AshaninkaKampa, AshenikaAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AC1291Siasi/Sesai 2012
Peru97477INEI 2007




25Asurini do XingúAssurini, AwaeteTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA165Siasi/Sesai 2012





29BakairiBacairi, Kurã, KurâKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT930Siasi/Sesai 2012




31BaniwaBaniva, Baniua, Curipaco, WalimanaiAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM6243Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia70002000
Venezuela2408INE 2001




33BarasanaPanenoáTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM47Siasi/Sesai 2012
Colombia9391998





36BororoCoxiponé, Araripoconé, Araés, Cuiabá, Coroados, Porrudos, BoeBororo
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT1686Siasi/Sesai 2012





41ChiquitanoChiquitoChiquito
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Bolivia108206Censo Nacional 2001
MT473Siasi/Funasa 2012





46DjeoromitxiJabotiJabuti
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO215Siasi/Sesai 2012
47DowMaku, Kamã, Nukak MakuMakú
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM110DSEI Alto Rio Negro 2013
48Enawenê-NawêEnauenê nauê, Salumã, Enawenê-nawêAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT641Siasi/Sesai 2012





51Galibi-MarwornoGalibi do Uaçá, AruáCreoulo
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP2377Siasi/Sesai 2001





54Guajá / Awa-GuajáAvá, AwáTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA365Siasi/Sesai 2012




56Guarani MbyaKaiowá, Mbya, ÑandevaTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Argentina6500CTI/Grünberg 2008
Bolivia78359INE/Bolivia 2001
MS,SP,PR,RS,RJ,ES57923Siasi/Sesai 2012
Paraguai41200CTI/Grünberg 2008
57



60IkolenGavião de Rondônia, Gavião Ikolen, DigutMondé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO603Siasi/Sesai 2012
61



63Iranxé MonokiIrantxe, ManokiIranxe
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT396Siasi/Sesai 2012
64



66JavaéKarajá/Javaé, Itya MahãduKarajá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
GO, TO1456Funasa 2009
67



71Ka'aporUrubu Kaapor, KaaporTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MA, PA991Funasa 2006
72KadiwéuKaduveo, Caduveo, Kadivéu, KadiveoGuaikuru
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MS1346Funasa 2009
73KaiabiKawaiwete, Kayabi, Caiabi, Kaiaby, Kajabi, CajabiTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT2202Siasi/Sesai 2012
74


75KaingangGuayanás
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PR, RS, SC, SP33064Funasa 2009





80KamayuráKamayuráTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT467Ipeax 2011





86KanoêCanoe, Kapixaná, KapixanãKanoe
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO282Siasi/Sesai 2012





89KarajáCaraiauna, InyKarajá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
GO, MT, PA, TO3198Funasa 2010





94Karipuna do AmapáCreoulo
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP2421Funasa 2010




96Kariri-XokóCariri-xocóKariri-Xocó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AL2311Funasa 2009





102KatukinaTukunaKatukina do Rio Biá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM462Funasa 2010





108KayapóKaiapó, Caiapó, Gorotire, Mekrãgnoti, Kuben-Kran-Krên, Kôkraimôrô, Metyktire, Xikrin, Kararaô, Mebengokre
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, PA8638Funasa 2010





111KisidjêSuyá, Kisidjê
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT330Unifesp 2010





116KrahôCraô, Kraô, Timbira, Mehin
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO2463Funasa 2010




118KrenakCrenaque, Crenac, Krenac, Botocudos, Aimorés, KrénKrenák
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, MG, SP350Funasa 2010





123KuikuroIpatse ótomo, Ahukugi ótomo, Lahatuá ótomoKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT522Ipeax 2011





129KwazáCoaiá, KoaiáKoazá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO40Van der Voort 2008





132MakuxiMacuxi, Macushi, PemonKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR29931Funasa 2010
Guiana9500Guiana 2001
Venezuela83INEI 2001




134MaruboPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM1705Funasa 2010




136MatisMushabo, Deshan MikitboPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM390Funasa 2010





139MehinakoMeinaco, Meinacu, MeinakuAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT254Ipeax 2011





144MundurukuMundurucu, Maytapu, Cara Preta, WuyjuyuMunduruku
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM, MT, PA11630Funasa 2010
145MuraMura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM15713Funasa 2010





148NambikwaraNambiquara, AnunsuNambikwára
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, RO1950Funasa 2010





153Oro WinOro Towati', Oroin, Uruin, Oro Win, Oro Towati'Txapakura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO73Funasa 2010
154PalikurParicuria, Paricores, Palincur, Parikurene, Parinkur-Iéne, Païkwené, PaïkwenéAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP1293Iepé 2010
Guiana Francesa720Passes 1994





158Pancararé
Pancararé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA1640Funasa 2010





162ParesiPareci, Halíti, AritíAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, RO1955Siasi/Sesai 2012





165PataxóPatachó, Patashó, PatasoPatxó
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA, MG11833Funasa 2010





170PirahãMura PirahãMura
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM420Funasa 2010





176RikbaktsáErigbaktsa, Canoeiros, Orelhas de Pau, RikbaktsáRikbaktsá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT1324Funasa 2010
177SakurabiatSakiriabar, Mequéns, SakurabiatTupari
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO161Funasa 2010
178Sateré MawéSateré-MauéMawé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM10761Funasa 2010





182TabajaraTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
CE2982Funasa 2010





185TapirapéTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT, TO655Funasa 2010





188TatuyoPamoa-masaTukano
189TaurepangTaulipang, Taurepangue, Taulipangue, PemonKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR673Funasa 2010
Venezuela27157INE 2001





193TicunaTikuna, Tukuna, MagutaTikuna
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM36377Funasa 2009
Colombia8000Goulard, J. P. 2011
Peru6982INEI 2007





199TrumaiTrumái
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT97Ipeax 2011




201TukanoYe´pâ-masa, DaseaTukano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM6241Dsei/Foirn 2005
Colombia63301988
Venezuela11INE 2001





205TupinambáTupinambáTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
BA4729Funasa 2009
206TupinikimTupiniquimTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
ES2630Funasa 2010





210UmutinaBarbados, OmotinaBororo
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT445Associação Indígena Umutina Otoparé 2009
211Uru-Eu-Wau-WauBocas-negras, Bocas-pretas, Cautários, Sotérios, Cabeça-vermelha, Urupain, Jupaú, Amondawa, Urupain, Parakuara, JurureísTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RO115Funasa 2010





214WajãpiWayapi, Wajapi, OiampiTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP,PA956Siasi/Funasa 2010
Guiana Francesa950Grenand 2009





220WaujaWauráAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT529Siasi/Sesai 2012
221WayanaUpurui, Roucouyen, Orkokoyana, Urucuiana, Urukuyana, Alucuyana, WayanaKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AP, PA304Funasa 2010
Guiana Francesa800Lopes 2002
Suriname500Lopes 2002





224XavanteAkwe, A´uwe
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT15315Funasa 2010
225XerenteAcuen, Akwen, Akwê
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
TO3017Funasa 2010





230XukuruXucuruXukuru
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PE12139Funasa 2010





233YanomamiYanoama, Yanomani, IanomamiYanomami
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR, AM19338DSEI Yanomami - Sesai 2011
Venezuela160002009
234YawalapitiAruak
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT156Ipeax 2011
235YawanawáIauanauaPano
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
Bolivia6301993
AC541Funasa 2010
Peru3241993
236Ye'KuanaYecuana, Maiongong, So'toKarib
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
RR471Sesai 2011
Venezuela6523INE 2001
237YudjáYuruna, Sanumá, Juruna, YudjaJuruna
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT348Unifesp 2010




239Zo'éPoturuTupi-Guarani
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
PA256Cartagenes 2010
240ZoróPangyjejMondé
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
MT625Associação Povo Indígena Zoró Pangyjej 2010
241ZuruahãSuruwahá, Índios do CoxodoáArawá
UF / PaísPopulaçãoFonte/Ano
AM142Funasa 2010

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