Monday, June 9, 2014

Forces of nature against corruption

What does corruption, the pollution of urban rivers and the not-so-recent shark attacks on swimmers in Recife have in common? - Everything.

Let's start by sharks - before the construction of the port of Suape we had no record of these attacks in the waters of the reef, so the most logical thing would be to blame the situation created by the arrival of the port and its environmental impacts, but that does not seem to be the determining factor.

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In the documentary "Shark Rebellion," presented on the Discovery Channel, Lawrence Wahba investigates the attacks and identifies the culprit species, the Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas). Wabba dive with these sharks in Cuba and they seem to be extremely quiet, the biologist gets really surprised by the peacefulness of the animals in Cuba.

The Carcharhinus leucas has a pattern of eating rather passive, they seek their food that arise in abundance in coral reefs and they hardly spend energy on attacks to feed. This seems contradictory to what happens in Recife, for devouring men requires a great deal of energy in the attack.

Why does then the Sharks attack the beachgoers?

In the same documentary Wabba realized that the beaches in Cuba, with clear waters has an abundance of small fish, carcasses and other passive food for sharks. But in Recife, the pollution dumped on beaches by polluted rivers, made murky the waters, and decimated much the presence of fish and other passive food for the Carcharhinus leucas. The scarcity of this food has taken the animal out of his comfort zone to attack swimmers. That became the only option.
Carcharhinus leucas "Bull Shark" Swimming on polluted waters of Recife - Brazil
To pollute rivers of big cities is undoubtedly the least intelligent practice that the public administration and the private sector can do. You could say that whomever does it not differ from the one who defecates by the door of his own home.

Worse yet, to compromise the already scarce reserves of fresh water on the planet, man creates himself the additional problem of water shortages and to threaten hydropower generation (see the problem that affects Cantareira water supply system in the State of São Paulo).

Why then do we continue to make that mistake that bad?

Simply because investing public money in sanitation does not generates votes. Added to this corruption at all levels of administration, which undertakes these works that are very expensive and too slow to be completed. The amount of disease caused because of this lack of sanitation is huge and ultimately affects education because sicker children miss classes.

The child with the education deficit becomes the adult with deficiency in environmental perception, and this cycle tends to continue until something more dramatic happens.

It's a shame that most politicians do not surf in Recife, since the shark attack to one of them, would be the best way to close this cycle, and who knows, the commotion caused by the tragedy, would lead to a review of their concepts, and could end the bad Brazilian habit of polluting rivers in almost all urban centers.
Bruzundanga Heroes Saga, #2 - Brazilian Hero 'Assum Preto' a sensitive and violent 'cangaceiro' tired of being deceived catches a corrupt politician by the collar - He decides to take justice into his own hands.
While a Brazilian beast does not revenge the so worn class (corrupt politicians), ‘The Bruzundanga saga’ hero, Assum Preto, a sensitive and violent 'cangaceiro' seems to be the only option of solace for Brazilian people, lol.

Wednesday, March 19, 2014

The rise of Primatological Fitness

Luiz Pagano working out Primatological Fitness, inspired by monkeys and Ranxerox
Since we, Humans share a common ancestor with modern African apes, we sometimes envy our simian cousins because of their strength, dexterity and lightness. The way they swing from branch to branch, among the trees, as talented as Olympic gymnasts. We envy them because they find great pleasure in such activities and the mere act of imitating his gestures bring us great pleasure and fun.
With this in mind I created during the 1980s the bases of Primatological Gymnastics, Ape Fit, Monkey Fitness, Ape Academy, or any other name of the same effect.

I remember when I was a high school student, just to have fun, running back home, racing with friends using the gestures of chimpanzees, doing monkey movements or mimicking an ape. During the eighties, we were reading the graphic novels such as Ranxerox, a science fiction about a robotic monster, Frankenstein type, punk, futuristic, created by Italian artists Stefano Tamburini and Tanino Liberatore. In escape situations, Ranx used to run mimicking the gestures of a monkey and reached enormous speed, I remember of getting mesmerized with that.

Here comes the Primatological Fitness

The (late) emergence of Primatological Fitness (or APE FIT) was simply inevitable. Sooner or later, someone would create such a series of movements and would study its dynamics and its beneficial effects to humans.
Comparative Anatomy - of apes and man, it's incredible how we work the the most unusual muscles during those sessions of 'Primatological Fitness'
We have many similarities with apes; we do some instinctive movements very much like they make, especially when we are babies.

Who better than a Brazilian fitness aficionado, to study apes (self-bullying - lol).

Ad of the "New APE FIT RUNNER X2 - best way to discover nature" -(both brand APE FIT and the APE FIT RUNNER X2 handset are fictitious, were created by Luiz Pagano just to illustrate this article)

The mere reflex to grab the finger of the father is one of many innate acts of a baby. Put your finger on the palm of a baby, he will instinctively tighten with their small and powerful fingers. Is worth mentioning that, the handgrip of a newborn is so strong that it can easily support its own weight for a while.

Why do babies do this? Because it is an instinctive practice related to the survival of primates.

Watch a mother monkey in nature; soon after birth little monkeys cling to the fur of the mother monkey who goes from side to side, taking her young. The babies who do not cling to mothers get loose on the lawn, and become easy victims of predators.

Base exercises - Construction of strength in the hands

The flow of Primatological Fitness follows the following order:
Primates must first increase their strength on the hands and paws (fits), then forearms and calves and ultimately the connections between members with the torso. This dynamic had to be corrected to make sense in the human race.
Ab workouts upside down - perfect to oxygenate the brain and provide a different angle to observe nature.
Since evolutionary changes drew off the prensil feature of the human’s feet, we must compensate for this loss with strong exercises for the feet and calves.

In this logic we know that the muscles located in forearms control the fingers. The forearm flexor muscles control the closing of the hand, while the opening of the hand is controlled by the extensors of the forearm. The exercises should be designed to control both movements.

When you build your hand strength you also build and thickens these muscles, giving the forearms a strong and powerful appearance.
If you do not have the appropriate arms extenders, you can do these exercises on stairs supporting your body on the handrails between a leap and another
Doctors theorize that the hands operate as great supporters the the work of the heart - when we exercise our hands, we pumped the blood from the extremities and improve our blood circulation.

The principal form of strengthen the hands is through exercises like chin-ups and the 'pulley'. Designed to stiffen up the huge and strong back muscles, these exercises fully trust the movements of the large muscles in the mere ability of your hands to hold such weight.
these arms extenders were based on the hand-piece used by British actor Andy Serkis during the footage of King Kong
Another way to increase strength of the hands would be to use Crushing Grip, COC (Captain of Crush). These exercises are not recommended for Primatological series of Fitness because it does not bring fun.

The Primatological Gymnastics is a serie of exercises for mind and body. Important part of the exercise is to have fun with the movements, if the series does not bring you any pleasure, then you are doing something wrong.

Monkey see, monkey do
To make the move 'swing between branches' correctly, it is very important that the loose arm make a move of a full circle, and act as a pendulum - thus propels the body forward - it takes a lot of strength and confidence in the hand to make this move.
The most fun part of this movement is to swing the body with the goal of putting the heels on the front bar

Sunday, January 5, 2014

Brazilian Positivism - Where are the ‘order’ and ‘progress’?

Brazilian Positivism
In 2014 Brazilian republic will be 125 years old, and the ideas of prosperity that guided our hopes were simply forgotten, Auguste Comte is occasionally mentioned in schools, the works of French philosopher are rarely published in Brazil, the few issues when found in used bookstores, or are part of a collection of thinkers of the early 1970s. 

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Perhaps the surge of hope caused by the belief in the powers of science to make Brazil a highly advanced nation had been an exaggeration, or perhaps the ideas with scientific and moral implications were contrary to the selfish corruption desire of our political class. 

As Comte said “In order to secure the true employment of material power we must at once begin by respecting it generally, save in exceptional instances of fraud”. 

The philosophy of positivism became a secular religion in Brazil and even churches were created, two of them exists to this date 2014, one in Porto Alegre and other in Rio de Janeiro (it is noteworthy that the temple of Porto Alegre, has been suffering with the evasion of adherents and now has just over thirty followers throughout the state). The philosophy of positivism was instrumental in the propaganda to replace Dom Pedro II.
 Positivism postulates the possibility of systematization and explanation of all phenomena, mathematical or social stipulating constant laws based on observation.

Auguste Comte Positivism
Jean-Jacques Rousseau is often touted as the philosopher of the French Revolution.  Robespierre took the idea of sovereignty and radical virtue as the rally cry for the revolution. But it was in Brazil, in a radically different way, that the revolution from empire to republic, with the positivism of Auguste Comte seemed to have the potential to lead us to a privileged position among all other countries in the world.

The "Order and Progress" inscription, always green, is an abbreviated of Comte positivism political motto: Love in principle and Order as base; the progress ultimately ("L'amour pour principe et l'ordre pour base; le progrès pour but").

Euclides da Cunha, a student of Benjamin Constant, said: "The motto of our flag is a wonderful synthesis of what is highest in politics"

“Live for others in order to live again in others and by others” with these words Comte pretty much sums his philosophy by stating that as more and better you do for your system, the more you will be remembered, and thus, your memory will live longer in society.

Positivist church worships the adoration to the ‘positivist trinity’, which consists of:
-       Nouveau Grand-Être Suprême (New Supreme Great Being, collective, real and abstract entity, formed by the set of convergent human beings of the past, the future and the present, that have contributed to the progress of civilization);

-       The Grand Fétish (the Earth with all its constituent elements: plants, animals, water, land etc.);

-       The Grand Milieu (Cosmic Space, stars and universe).

Correspondence between the stars and the units of the federation

Everything in our symbols was based on logical aspects and with well defined purposes, including the stars on our flag. Each celestial body represents the different personalities of the states of the federation:

- The stars of constellation of Crux constellation represent the top five states then: São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia and Espirito Santo;

- The Espiga star, only one located above the white band represents the state of Para, perhaps because Belém, the state capital, were the most northern of the country, or because the state of Pará had been the last state to join the federation Independence;

- The Federal District has always been represented by sigma star in the constellation of Octant, also called Polaris Australis or Southern Polaris; Sigma Octantis have a unique position in the southern sky, because every other star appear to rotate around it.
Positivist Church in Porto Alegre and Rio de Janeiro

The Post-Positivism - ignored by Brazilians

 After World War II the entire world was terrified by the might and power that were given to people in government who, from the misuse of their representative offices, took advantage of the legality offered by positivism to install governments of oppression and discrimination.

 It was impossible to continue with a legal discourse that preached a rigid, inflexible, and highly coercive burden devoid of moral law, a merely mechanical Judiciary and Legislature with complete freedom to "manufacture" of that type of standard.

 When the Brazilian people realized that the forces that formed their republic falling out of favor, simply preferred to deny positivism in all its essence, instead of accepting only the good values ​​of doctrine, or to adopt what was called post-positivism.
 For Karl Popper, one of the founders of the philosophical movement of post-positivism, the purpose of science is not to obtain absolutely certain enunciations. The achievement of absolute truth, in his view, is unattainable.

 This is how we, Brazilians, should review the forces that led us to the republic. The scientific method applied to public administration should be a quest for a constant approximation to the truth.

Tuesday, December 24, 2013

Politicians - Wipe out corruption and have a happier life with more votes

While natural human evolution has slowed, technological evolution is accelerating - everything that has market appeal receives investments and thrives, while useless items are merely shelved. Unfortunately it has not happened in politics. With regard to public administration, it seems that our politicians do not have the slightest idea of ​​how to evolve, and continue acting like in the days of Ancient Greece and Rome.

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Here in São Paulo we are living a curious situation, after the increases of the IPTU (property tax) barred by court decisions, the mayor of São Paulo, Fernando Haddad (PT) still wants to appeal in court. On the other hand we see a study conducted by the Department of Competitiveness and Technology (Decomtec) Fiesp (Federation of Industries of São Paulo), which showed that the economic and social damage caused by corruption in Brazil reaches R$ 69 billion dollars per year.

Does Mayor Haddad not realize that instead of deciding by increased IPTU, he should combat corruption?

Besides having more money in the public treasury, the mayor would be applauded for doing something that no one else did and would certainly be reelected with the highest approval rating ever seen.

We all know that cities like Rio de Janeiro, Recife, São Paulo are full of cars, with little or no investment in public transport because of the suspect relation of automotive companies and governments. We all know that municipalities allows the emergence of 'favelas' because corrupt politicians turned a blind eye to the irregular possession and construction of houses in exchange for votes. All this must stop.

Recently I’ve been in Denmark, (I felt envious as Hell!) before I landed at the Copenhagen Airport, the Organisation of Developed Countries OECD had just declared Denmark as the happiest place on earth. The country also consistently is being ranked either zero or the least corrupt country in the world. As Brazil ranks 72nd out of 178 countries surveyed.

Fighting corruption has long been a high priority for Nordic countries and for the international development cooperation.

A change is needed – politicians believe me, this will be only way to earn our votes from now on.

Let’s understand our enemy

Political corruption is the use of power by government officials for illegitimate private gain. An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act is directly related to their official duties, is done under color of law or involves trading in influence.

Forms of corruption vary, but include bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, patronage, graft, and embezzlement. Corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking, money laundering, and human trafficking, though is not restricted to these activities. I preach the politics of post-scarcity , but even before thinking in semi-fictional terms, we need to moralize what is already going very badly.

Less corruption - more happiness

If you were living in a place with no corruption, you would realize that everything works better; taxes are channeled to where it really should be. You do not need to pay a supplemental health plan because the state already has the perfect one. You also do not need to pay a supplementary pension plan for the same reason.

Your citizenship increases because besides you are a better-educated man (the money actually went to the school and education), you would realize that the squares, streets and avenues are more beautiful and functional, (the money that should be used to beautify the square was not diverted) and you start feeling proud of belonging to that city. I should remark that you must be a superior ‘Paulistano’, as I am, to be proud of São Paulo in the situation that it stands today.

An interesting report made by a reform activist tells what we can do reverse this trend:

1 - First and basic Directive - Taxpayers' money should never be used to pay for individual benefits, one must be aware that this attitude is immoral and shameful;
2 - The non-payment of salaries for the positions such as municipal councilors, State and Federal Representatives;
3 - Full transparency in the accounts of all political activities through Internet sites, audited by impartial companies;
4 - Hearings, Bids, votes and important meetings should be transmitted in real time by public TV stations;
5 - The taxpayer should have the same rights and obligations of shareholders in a corporation;
6 - The representative of the people should act as such, give all the satisfactions of what makes even when not requested to do so;

Less Criminals - more Peace

Our present methods of dealing with criminals have not made society safer and crime-free, rather they have made the problems worse.

Once we ended the corruption, it is much more easy to re-socialize the criminals (including the corrupt politicians who were arrested). In a criminal justice system free from corruption, the inmate realizes that he has a chance to be truly accepted in fair society.

A leading American prison reform activist tells what we can do reverse this trend:

1 - Learn to recognize the influence of socially sanctioned hatred;
2 - Make drugs a public health problem instead of a criminal justice problem;
3 - Separate violent and nonviolent offenders right from the start;
4 - Regain compassion and respect for those who wrong us;
5 - Allow for transformation, not merely rehabilitation;
6 - Join and support the restorative justice movement;
7 - Take the issue of crime and punishment personally;

We have everything we need to live in a less corrupt and happier society!!

Monday, April 22, 2013

Polly Religious Organization - Good is the Only One Destiny (Pro-Good)

"Inaugurated today, October 27th, 2066 the headquarters of the Pro-Good, (acronym for Polly Religious Organization - Good is the Only One Destiny) near the town of San Luis, Argentina (located exactly at the coordinates 33°s 66°w, according to specific numerological indications).

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As its name says Pro-Good is multi religious nucleus committed to celebrating the harmony among world religions. Today the world is united by its religions in this astonishing complex of buildings, but they have long been the triggers for wars and misunderstanding. Since the murder of Hypatia, director of the library complex of Alexandria by religious priests, deaths occurred between Christians and Muslims in Jerusalem routes, disagreements between Jews and Palestinians in the Middle East, and even terrorism separatists, that by an absence of a state, commit crimes in the name of their religion, decided to bring an end to the barbarity in order to live the rest of their lives in peace.

The Pro-Good was first suggested by a group of omnireligious children in primary class at The Montessori School of New York, in the year 2036.

During a lecture to students of religious affairs a group wrote on a poster "Why do religions, that should lead man to divine wisdom has caused many deaths in bloody wars over the course of the history of our civilization?". Unresponsive, the speaker started to cry when a boy from the same group of students suggested the creation of a global organism regulator for the religions, in order to prevent its integrants to commit atrocities in the name of God.

Unlike adults, children are free of bias. That generation of children of 2036 grew and conceived the religious complex of Pro-Good, which opened today in the beautiful fields of Argentina.
Led by Pope John Paul II, more than 150 representatives from 12 major world religions underwent a journey of nine hours of fasting and prayers for peace in the quiet town of Assisi, Italy - October 27, 1986

Exactly eighty years ago on October 27th 1986, Pope John Paul II held a meeting of prayer, fasting and pilgrimage with religious leaders from various regions of the world in the city of S. Francis of Assisi, Italy.

The Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, is moved when recalling the historic day:

“In the face of Basilica of S. Francisco - continues the then President of the Justice and Peace, organizer of the event - which, in the cold, each one of us were looking to lean against the neighbor (John Paul II was next to the Dalai Lama), when some Jews jumped over the stage in order to offer olive branches to Muslims, I also found myself wiping my tears”.

The emotion that was already big reached its peak when by the ending of that gray morning; a rainbow appeared over the city of Assisi. Religious leaders glimpsed a strong call to fraternal life: no one could doubt that the prayer had caused a visible sign on skies of harmony between God and men”.

This possible article of a newspaper from the future describes what should inevitably happen in the globalized world. It is impossible not to be 'Poly Religious ' here in Brazil – where at the same day, you may go to the Catholic mass with your mother, at a ‘terreiro’ of Umbanda with a friend, to a bar mitzvah of your nephew, watch a Buddhist event and even go to pick up the kid at a Mormon party.

Article 18 of universal declaration of human rights says; ‘Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance’.

How should function the Pro-Good

Differently from what happens with temples of other religions, Pro-Good complex is run by an atheist CEO (religious tolerance also implies in the tolerance to the lack of religious beliefs).
Leader talking about Zoroastrianism

The atheist leader is a perfect choice since it is religiously neutral and aims to manage the accounts of the organization with maximum transparency, based on market economy model.

The philanthropic activities achieve a stunningly big number of donors and have branches worldwide.

Another major step towards fairness of religious activities is the training of applied psychiatrists, psychologists, medical professionals from several other areas, and exempted energy therapists, who work in every religion in order to provide proper treatment to the adherents who have been led to religion by various levels of health imbalances. Religions should be worshiped in a healthy way, with the purpose of understanding the spiritual paths and should not, in any way, exploit its adherents.

Only the adherents, who have their mental/spiritual health duly attested by these professionals, are able to make financial donations.
Assisi meeting at the Vatican Thursday, October 28, 2011

In the main building of the complex there is a huge file with databases, books and documents of all religions in the world for free consultation.

Four large altars are always crowded with worshipers who listen and interact with religious leaders who alternate the agora (the stage of each altar).

There are also the ‘conciliators’ that has the sole purpose of avoiding heated debates based on the basic principles of Pro-Good - harmony, tolerance and brotherhood.

Every adherent is encouraged to take the best from presented messes/presentation of different religions through 'faith by contesting' and create their own 'religious persona' with individual prayers and personal reflections. Are also encouraged to respect the belief of the next in order to have their beliefs respected.

The headquarters near São Luiz area also run subsidiaries around the world as well as the proper offices of social works.

The idea is not to amalgamate all religions into a global cluster of beliefs and exterminate regionalism and its socio-cultural bonds. Rather, the Pro-good encourages the rescue of the cults in their original languages, with a view to preserving and propagating the culture of the people.

Another very interesting area is that of religious archeology, ancient rites such as those worshiped in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were meticulously studied and worshiped in their original language and proper way.

The benefits of Pro-Good to humanity are numerous, and I have no doubt that an institution like this should to be declared by UNESCO as human heritage as soon as it is established.

Friday, April 19, 2013

Lessons to be learned from oldest multinational company in the world - The Catholic Church

By analyzing the recent events involving the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI and the choice of new pope Francisco, it was evident that the institution 'Catholic Church' behaves like a genuine multinational company. The way that the Catholic church managed its business to elect a new pope and respond to scandals, has recently been analyzed in articles such as those written by Marcus Fisher for Fast Company, by bloggers Shumpeter to The Economist magazine, the journal of the Wharton EUniversity - Leadership and Change, etc.

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When I told my father that I wanted to be graduated in International Business, he suggested me to learn more about the Catholic Church, "You’d better know how the oldest and most well succeeded international institution runs its business" he said.

If the Catholic Church were a company it would be a multibillion-dollar empire, with annual revenues of US $ 182 Bi, with 1.200 billion customers, 1 million employees and offices in 179 countries worldwide.

It is important to mention that it is not my intention to offend Christian Catholics regarding their to faith, but to evaluate the institution's administrative model and encourage learning precious lessons from this institution, which has been teaching us a lot in the last 2000 years (no other company has such a structure and historical background).

Here I highlight the top lessons I learned during an interesting work that began in the late 90's and it took me to walk through the gates on the vatican museum visits, as well as other internal rooms, and provides important tools to assess how administrative institution of the Catholic Church sees its new challenges in the pontificate of Pope Francisco:

1 – The name –

 The term "catholic". The combination "the Catholic Church" (he katholike ekklesia) is found for the first time in a letter of St. Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans, written about the year 110AD is derived from the Greek word καθολικός (katholikos) meaning "universal", comes from the Greek phrase καθόλου (katholou), meaning "in general" and όλος meaning "whole".

The brand name is the foundation for all other marketing efforts. Is the very first experience of your brand in customer’s mind, it is the verbal introduction of the company to them. A good brand name should:
A – Engage the customers emotionally;
B – Identifying what sort of product or service the company is offering;
C – Differentiate it from competition;
D – Customers should remember it;

The name ‘Catholic’ is perfect and sounds like it had been created by a modern ad agency for today’s globalization culture.

2 - Organizational chart –

The government of the Vatican is an Ecclesiastical sacerdotal absolute elective theocracy, in which the head of the Catholic Church, the Pope, exercises ex officio (by virtue of holding position) supreme legislative, executive, and judicial power over the State of the Vatican City (an entity distinct from the Holy See), a rare case of non-hereditary monarchy. 

The Cardinals gathered in the College of Cardinals, are the advisers and closest collaborators of the Pope, the bishops and the overwhelming majority. Incidentally, the Pope is elected on a lifetime basis (the abdication is rare because had not happened since the Middle Ages) by the College of Cardinals. But nevertheless, the Pope granted in the past highlighted presbyters (eg theologians) places a member of the College, after going by the voting age, since they "distinguish in faith, morals and piety."

After about 2000 years of "trial and error" Catholic Church has the following Organizational Structure:

The Pope is elected in the Conclave, composed of all the cardinal electors (now limited to all the cardinals below the age of 80), after the death or resignation of the previous Pope.

0 - The Pope – Francis - born Jorge Mario Bergoglio - elected on 13 March 2013
The Pope holds the single most important position in the Roman Catholic Church and is its supreme leader. According to Catholic belief, each Pope is successor to Saint Peter, who received the keys to heaven from Christ himself and became the first Pope. The Pope holds numerous titles, including Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Christ, and Primate of Italy. His powers and influence are vast, and each Pope is closely scrutinized by the international community;

1 The Secretariat of State - Tarcisio Bertone (15 September 2006 – present) – the Carmelengo  - presides over the Holy See, usually known as the "Vatican", Secretariat of State, which is the oldest and most important dicastery of the Roman Curia;

2 The Congregations
2.1 The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
2.2 The Congregation for the Oriental Churches
2.3 The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments
2.4 The Congregation for the Causes of Saints
2.5 The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
2.6 The Sacred Congregation for the Clergy
2.7 The Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life
2.8 The Congregation for Catholic Education (in Seminaries and Institutes of Study)
2.9 The Congregation for Bishops
3 The Tribunals
3.1 The Apostolic Penitentiary
3.2 The Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
3.3 The Tribunal of the Rota Romana
4 The Pontifical Councils
4.1 The Pontifical Council for the Laity
4.2 The Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
4.3 The Pontifical Council for the Family
4.4 The Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace
4.5 The Pontifical Council Cor Unum
4.6 The Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants
4.7 The Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Care Workers
4.8 The Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts
4.9 The Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue
4.10 The Pontifical Council for Culture
4.11 The Pontifical Council for Social Communications
4.12 The Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization
5 The Synod of Bishops
6 The Offices
6.1 The Apostolic Camera
6.2 The Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See
6.3 The Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See
7 The Pontifical Commissions
7.1 The Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church
7.2 The Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei"
7.3 The Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archaeology
7.4 The Pontifical Biblical Commission
7.5 The International Theological Commission
7.6 Interdicasterial Commissions
7.7 The Pontifical Commission for Latin America
8 The Swiss Guard
9 The Labour Office of the Apostolic See
10 The Pontifical Academies
10.1 The Pontifical Academy Cultorum Martyrum
10.2 The Pontifical Ecclesistical Academy
10.3 The Pontifical Academy for Life
10.4 The Pontifical Academy of Sciences
10.5 The Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences

The 3 Tier Hierarchy Of The Roman Catholic Church:

Various national sizes: 
There are no national positions of power in the Catholic church, only Bishops within a country, who are equal to all other bishops in the world.
World – 1Pope – 2946 Bishops working with 2946 diocese territories – 219,583 priests working within 219,583 Parishes (local churches);
Canada – 1Pope – 72 Bishops working with 72 diocese territories – 5717 priests working within 5716 Parishes;
Toronto Canada - 1Pope – 1 Bishop working with 1 diocese territory – 223 priests working within 223 Parishes;
Hamilton Canada - 1Pope – 1Bishop working with 1 diocese territory – 121priests working within 121 Parishes;

A - Notice there are only three levels of control: World head, Diocese head, Local church.
B - All dots on graphic below are local churches with differing levels of authority.
C - The one Blue dot (where the Pope preaches every Sunday) is the local church of St. John Lateran Basilica that is the only local church in the world to have all three levels of authority: World head, diocese head, Local parish
D - The black dots are local churches (always called "Cathedrals" which is Latin for "chair,") that have bishops as their preacher every Sunday. There are 2946 of these Cathedrals (local churches) in the Catholic church presently. There is only one bishop for each of these "diocese head" mother churches (Cathedrals). Each Bishop is located at a simple local church (Cathedral) that controls other local churches (parishes) within its geographic territory. You will notice that even the local church of St. John Lateran Basilica (Rome diocese) is over other local churches in exactly the same way.
E - The Red Dots are local churches headed by mere priests. There are 219,583 of these local churches in the Catholic church presently. A group of these local churches bound together under the headship of a single diocese Bishop.
F - To find out how many actual local churches there are in the Catholic church today you must add the number of Parishes (219,583) and the number of Diocese churches (2946) plus St. John Lateran Basilica (1). So the math is: 219,583 + 2946 + 1 = 222,530. That means that a Roman catholic can attend any one of 222,530 local churches in the world. But every Roman Catholic could chose to attend a Parish where a priest preaches every Sunday or where a Bishop preaches every Sunday or where the Pope preaches every Sunday.
G - In this way, you can see that the Roman Catholic church is simple groupings of local churches with three different levels of authority.

Apostles organized the church – in the years 30-606 AD: The gradual historical Development of the Papal and Patriarchal Systems of Centralized Church Government away from the organization found in the Bible.

Nomenclature describing the office of an elder:

A - Presbiter – comes from presbýteros (πρεσβύτερος), "elder." – emphasis on Experience;
B – Bishop – comes from (επίσκοπος), oversight
C - Pastor (Sheppard) – comes from (Ποιμήν), metaphoric term (tending flocks) – Protection;

The church we read about in the Bible was organized in a very simple way. A general pattern was to have 2 or more qualified men overseeing each local congregation or church. These men could be referred to as the "eldership". Each man must meet several high qualifications, which the Bible lists in two passages. Elders are the spiritual leaders of a congregation. They also watch out for the souls of the members like a shepherd.

A diocese is a geographical area with a bunch of churches in it. Run by a bishop. And they all basically raise their own money, through collections, and are responsible for their own budget.

Because each diocese makes most of its own business decisions, "the church is missing out on purchasing power, procurement, economy of scale:

A - Christ is the head of every local church. There is no human head of the church.
B - The Bible is the only written creed for each local church, rather than a man-made written creed.
C - Each local church is autonomous and self-governing. No outside interference from others.
D - No organizational tie between local churches.
E - No organization larger than local churches.
F - The Bible uses Elder, Presbyter, Overseer, Bishop, Shepherd, Pastor interchangeably and they all refer to a single office in the church.
G - Local churches appoint their own plurality of elders using 1 Timothy 3, and Titus 1 as guidelines for the qualifications.
H - Elders have authority only over the members of the local church, not members from outside congregations.

3 – The Logo –

On the eve of the Battle Of The Milvian Bridge, Constantine had a dream in which he saw a cross in the sky, and perhaps the Greek letters chi and rho (the first two letters of Christos) with it. Constantine then either saw or heard the words “by this sign you shall conquer.”

Pope Innocent IV (1243-1254) is probably the first who displayed personal arms, but the first of whom a contemporary coat of arms survives is Pope Boniface VIII (1294-1303).

Up to today Chi Rho reminds us of the Catholic Church, why:

Has a strong, balanced image with no little extras that clutter its look;
Is distinctive and bold in design, making it easy to see at a glance;
The Absence of text makes it understandable all over the world;
Has graphic imagery that looks appropriate for business proposal;
It works well with the company name;
Communicates the business clearly; and
Looks good in black and white, as well as in color.

4 - Learn how to use the media of your time –

Rather than railing against the press, as many public figures do, the popes used the media to deliver his message.

During Middle Ages Popes were generals. That hank position was the most effective way to address people at that time.
Pope watching TV in the papal apartment - Apostolic Palace of the Vatican

Pius XI was the first Pope to utilise the power of modern communications technology in evangelising the wider world. He established Vatican Radio in 1931,

Pope John Paul II became pope in 1978; the same year instant global television first became available, and he was the Pope most popular of all time in History.

Pope Benedict tweeted for the first time on December 12, 2012, and despite relative inactivity on the medium quickly reached 2.5 million followers.

5 – Keeping Trade Secrets Safe

A trade secret can be used in any business or product. It can be used to make a product, or it can be a part of marketing and sales methods. Many companies have their own zealously guarded customer lists, and these are considered trade secrets. The trade secret is information that is not available to the public. The best way to keep trade secrets secret is to limit the amount of people who know about them.

Ancient edition about Inquisition and the entrance of The Vatican Secret Archive
Although Coca Cola claims to have a secret ingredient, the drink is regularly consumed by millions of people. The secret ingredient would have to have passed numerous safety and health tests before being deemed safe for consumption. Although Coca Cola has a trade secret, there are certain people who do not work at Coca Cola who know what this secret is.

The Vatican Secret Archives (Latin: Archivum Secretum Apostolicum Vaticanum), located in Vatican City, is the central repository for all of the acts promulgated by the Holy See. The Pope, having primal incumbency until death or resignation, owns the archives until the next appointed Papal successor. The archives also contain the state papers, correspondence, papal account books, and many other documents which the church has accumulated over the centuries. In the 17th century, under the orders of Pope Paul V, the Secret Archives were separated from the Vatican Library, where scholars had some very limited access to them, and remained absolutely closed to outsiders until 1881, when Pope Leo XIII opened them to researchers, more than a thousand of whom now examine its documents each year.

Ancient edition of Dialogo di Galileo, History of Cathars' persecutions, and other scientific publications where hidden at  The Vatican Secret Archive

The Vatican Secret Archives have been estimated to contain 52 miles (84 km) of shelving, and there are 35,000 volumes in the selective catalogue alone. "Indexes must be consulted in the Index Room and replaced in their original location. Publication of the indexes, in part or as a whole, is forbidden." The Archives support their own photographic and conservation studios.

6 –The importance of building a good Board of Directors  

During the Conclave, the Cardinals are in a small room sealed off from the outside world. It is a micro community making a decision that will have a macro impact.

The role of a board of directors has evolved over the years: Instead of the old smoke-filled conference room gathering of the CEO's family members, smart companies now treat their boards like a council of elders whose knowledge base can help set the tone for big-picture decision making.

Boards are really at their best when they're providing guidance and leadership and insight at a higher level.

7 How to manage the public personality

Public figures have handlers. So does the Pope. His every movement is tracked and choreographed. So too should his social media activity. His daily engagements are purposeful with a desired outcome.

8 – How to deal with crisis –

The worst crisis ever lived by the Catholic Church has started on September 20, 1870. Rome and what was left of the Papal States were annexed to the Kingdom of Italy as a result of King Victor Emmanuel II Italy’s ‘processo di unificazione italiana’.

Vatican was without revenues for almost 60 years.

The crisis ended in 1929 when it was  established as an independent state in  by the Lateran Treaty, signed by Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri, on behalf of Pope Pius XI and by Prime Minister and Head of Government Benito Mussolini on behalf of King Victor Emmanuel III. At that time Vatican received 92 million dollars as indemnity for the loss of sovereignty and territory (today’s value 1,1 billion dollars).
Pope does not use computer, all 'oficios'  are brought into folders by his two private secretaries in the papal office - folder with documents to be signed 'Alla Firma di sua Santita'

Nowadays, Pope Francisco most pressing task will be to deal with the sex scandals - He needs to punish errant employees rather than protecting them or shuffling them about. The best companies are quick to “proactively outplace” wrongdoers. Second, he will need to treat his reputation as his most precious asset by drawing up clear rules on ethical behavior, insisting staff adhere to them and conducting aggressive public-relations campaigns.

a. Don't delay. But do think before you act.

Many times, the crisis is either not as big as you first imagined or clears itself up on its own;

b. Find perspective.

When something goes wrong, your emotions can easily take control. Your fears often get compounded in your head and the worst-case scenarios start to play out in your head. Try to avoid that. After you've acted on the problem, it's time to gain perspective. That, well, is easier said than done;

c. Get ready now for the next crisis.

Prepare in advance for various outcomes to an event and have the best people on the team so when the inevitable happens, you can respond with actions and not emotions;

9 – Make sure to adopt measures according to the reality of the time you are living in –

The great example was the modification of older Julian calendar, admirably close to the actual length of the year, but deemed as not perfect. They came to the conclusion that in 1582, Caesar’s calendar had drifted full 10 days off course.

The Vernal Equinox (when Sun enters Aries constellation) of 1582 AD happened on March 11th , at that very day the sun cast the light in a specific mark in a room, and it was not supposed to happen the same phenomena the next year, at the same date and time because Earth takes exactly 365,2425 days to revolve around the Sun.  At Julian calendar the year was wrongly estimated in 365,25 days.

In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII ordered the advancement of the calendar by 10 days and introduced a new corrective device to curb further error: century years such as 1700 or 1800 would no longer be counted as leap years, unless they were divisible by 400 (like 1600 or 2000).

In 1580 the Bolognese architect Ottaviano Mascherino who also built the Apostolic Palace, built the Vatican Tower of Winds, with the so-called ‘Meridian Hall’, originally designed to create a loggia for measure the accuracy of Gregorian calendar.

‘Meridian Hall’ at Vatican tower of the winds - precisely at midday of Vernal Equinox the sun light hits the mark on the ground.

At noon on the spring equinox, sunlight passes through a small hole in the south wall to project precisely onto a mark on marble meridian floor, indicating the exact time of Vernal Equinox.

This system is undeniably effective, and is still in official use. In the Gregorian calendar year differs from the solar year by only 26 seconds—accurate enough, since this only adds up to one day's difference every 3,323 years.

More recently, with the imposition of new rules designed to ensure transparency and accountability in Vatican financial affairs, the Prefecture for Economic Affairs began to recover “its original spirit,” the cardinal said. The office now supervises all the economic affairs of the Vatican, and works to ensure that the business of the Holy See is conducted honestly and efficiently.

Cardinal Bertone said that in addition to promoting transparency, the Vatican is also working to reduce spending, since the global economic downturn has caused a decline in the revenues available to support the work of the Church.

Without systemic accounting and disclosure, there is enough doubt these days about how money is being managed that we don't whether the hungry are being fed, the naked are being clothed and those in need are getting health care and education," says Jim Post, a management professor at Boston University.

There is no standard financial reporting for church dioceses. This was a huge frustration: It's hard to figure out how to fix what's wrong with the church's business if you can't figure out what's going on with the money.

And as the Catholic Church has recently discovered, this lack of transparency can have much darker implications.

10 - Knowledgeable and skilled corporate finance –

The Revenue of the Catholic Church is not officially declared, but according to the article of 'The Economist' (August 17, 2012 by Hemant Mehta - 'The estimated costs of the Catholic Church'), Hemant Metha believes that expenditures reach an amount of $171.600 billions annually, and he also estimates that this amount corresponds to 10% of its total revenue of approximately 181.876 billion dollars/Year.

In an effort to stem massive debt accumulation, Prime Minister Mario Monti made a historic change on tax code to boost revenue: Since January 2013, the Roman Catholic Church is no longer exempt from property taxes in Italy.

Italy's Catholic Church has 110,000 properties, worth about 9bn Euros, the annual cost could be up to 720m Euros ($945m; £598m) according to municipal government bodies.

Many tax systems all over the world provide complete exemption from tax for recognized charitable organizations, such as the Catholic Church, but the decision taken by the Italian government should provoke questioning about the purpose and the validity of the exemption in several other countries.

The question about how much money the Catholic Church handles and what is the size of its assets has always intrigued everyone. The assertion that they have enough money to solve all of this planets woes, as well as feeding the hungry, educating the poor, clothing the naked...shoeing the unshod, etc. is matter of discussion.

Sistine Chapel alone was once estimated at US$ 800 mi, not to mention the priceless gifts received by queens and kings, St Peters Basilica treasuries, art of museums and Pope’s personal belongings.

One can’t sell Vatican, or its riches because the whole state is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and it would be extremely difficult to evaluate and find buyers.

The Institute for the Works of Religion (Italian: Istituto per le Opere di Religione – IOR), commonly known as the Vatican Bank, is a privately held institute run by a CEO who reports directly to a committee of cardinals, and ultimately to the Pope. Since its assets are not considered property of the Holy See, it is not overseen by the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See, and it is listed in the Annuario Pontificio not under "Holy See" or "Vatican City State".

On the other hand, none of the 832 inhabitants of the Vatican pays tax have exorbitant wages or earn annual bonus. Vatican gains comes from the museum entrance tickets, euro coins, two small shops and issues of stamps.

11 - The power of a good formation - 

The formation process regardless of the orders, is often divided into five "stages"; observant/aspirant, postulant, novice, simply professed, and solemnly professed (or perpetual vows). The discernment process usually continues for about 5-8 years until solemn profession. 

A person is free to leave any time prior to solemn profession (It is important to note that although these external similarities exist, much still depends on the unique dynamic within each community, which is governed largely by its superior.

However, all orders bear common features that are the hallmark of religious life, such as; community prayer (primarily the Divine Office), community meals, labor/work, private prayer, meditation, study, and of course religious vows (typically the vows of the evangelical counsels; poverty, chastity, and obedience). 

 - Contemplative Orders  
"Contemplative orders" (such as Benedictines, Carmelites, Trappists, Carthusians, Cistercians, etc.) are those who primarily focus is inward conversion; to grow in union with Our Lord for the love of God and the salvation souls.

- Active Orders

"Active" orders (Franciscans, Dominicans, Jesuits, Missionaries of Charity, etc.) are those who tend to have more direct interaction with the world than contemplative orders. In addition to prayer, active orders may devote some of their "work" time to external apostolates (teaching, preaching, soup kitchens, missions, youth retreats, media apostolates, etc.).

Regarding to the content of these studies, it is estimated that there is a limit on what the church members should know. The more the student grows in their studies, the more he or she reaches additional discernment, and may have access to more exclusive literature. But only a few of the summit have access to prohibited material, studies that are very sensitive to the very foundations of the Catholic Church.

It is believed that to maintain the confidentiality of Vatican secrets documents, translation and study work is divided and delegated to the three most important active orders (Franciscans have 1/3, Dominicans the other 1/3, and the final1/3 to the Jesuits) this way the parties would have fragmented information and they could not compose the complete overview, only allowed the high cupola of the church.

The Future

Luiz Pagano - research on Catholic Church administration - analogy to a multi national company management - International Business affairs 1998
Pope Francis will be the spiritual leader of the world's Catholics. He will also be leading a multibillion-dollar financial empire. And from a business perspective, the Catholic Church is struggling.

The work made by Catholics priests in Latin America, Asia and Africa, where growth in church membership is higher should continue. But if the church were a business, Holly See would just transfer part of existing workers to other locations of the world such as North America (In the U.S., Catholic church doesn't take advantage of its size), and some other rich countries.

I'm not trying to teach the Lord's Prayer to the vicar (in Portuguese ‘Não estou tentando ensinar o padre-nosso ao vigário’ – Idiomatic expression that has the same meaning of ‘I’m not trying to teach your grandmother to suck eggs’) but the lessons presented here should be taking into consideration if you try to understand  and manage a multi national company.

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