Monday, October 29, 2007

Future of the society

Almost 40 years ago an American writer and futurist, Alvin Toffler amused us when he and his wife Heidi depicted digital revolution, communications revolution, corporate revolution in his book Future Shock (1970 - Bantam Books).

Most of his predictions are now part of our day life, they were right!

But how can we be sure about the certainty of the predictions made by today’s futurologists? How can we use the predictions to make our next month/year/generation’s century better?

Maybe Charles Darwin had the answer: “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, not the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.”

Science fiction Star trek characters are 300 years away in the future where the man reached a final steady state of science and technology.

Stephen Hawking depicts in his chapter 6 of The Universe in a Nutshell why future unfortunately will not be like this.

Star Trek shows a society that is in most cases far advanced than ours, in science, in technology, and in political organization. The future science, technology, and the organization of society, are supposed to have achieved a level of near perfection.

Beside some set backs like the Dark Ages after the fall of the Roman Empire the human race has been in a state of constant knowledge and fixed technology and in the last two hundred years the population growth has become exponential. Currently the rate is about 1.9% a year. 1.9 % may not sound very much but it means that the world population doubles every 40 years.

If the scientific and technological developments continue at present level in the near future accompanied by the exponential growth, world's population would be standing shoulder to shoulder by the year 2600 and the electricity consumption would make the Earth glow red hot.

History has shown that the present exponential growth can not continue indefinitely. So what will happen? One possibility is that we wipe ourselves out completely by some disaster such as a nuclear war once we have the technological power to do so. Even if we don't destroy ourselves completely there is the possibility that we might descend into a state of brutalism and barbarity like the opening scene of Terminator. But it will not be the machines that will be the dominant class.

There has been no significant change in human DNA in the last ten thousand years. But it is most likely that human race will be able to completely redesign it in the next thousand.

Clearly developing improved humans will create great social and political problems with respect to unimproved humans. Hawking makes it quite clear when he says “I'm not advocating human genetic engineering as a good thing,”

Human race needs to improve its mental and physical qualities if it is to deal with the increasingly complex world around. That’s why science fiction like Star Trek is wrong when you see the same human being as we see today four hundred years in the future.

“But I'm an optimist. I think we have a good chance of avoiding both Armageddon and a new Dark Ages.”

Bellow you will find some forecasts for the next events :

May 25 2008 - NASA's Phoenix spacecraft will land on Mars.

June 14 2008 - Expo 2008 scheduled to begin in Zaragoza, Spain.

August 8-August 24 - The 2008 Summer Olympics will take place in Beijing, China.

February 17 2009 - Analog television broadcasts are scheduled to end in the United States, as the Federal Communications Commission will require all stations to send their signals digitally.

2010 unknown date - The Space Shuttle program will be retired by NASA and replaced by Project Constellation. This project will include new space vehicles called Orion and Ares, capable of traveling to the Space Station, to the Moon, and eventually to Mars.

2015 unknown date - China is expected to overtake Japan as the 2nd largest economy in the world.

2015 unknown date - Hydrogen vehicles are expected to become affordable and ready to find at car dealerships by this year.

March 2020 - Yahoo! Inc.'s 25th birthday; opening of the Yahoo! Time Capsule.

2020 unknown date - According to current plans and workings for Project Constellation, NASA should be returning Humans to the Moon.

2020 unknown date - Brazil is expected to reach the status of a developed country.

"By 2030, the world will have only enough food to feed everyone at the level of an Indian peasant (on average)." According to the Worldwatch Institute, as reported in Newsweek, September 12, 1994.

The European Space Agency hopes to land humans on Mars between 2030 and 2035.

Scientists predict Arctic Ice will completely melt in the summer of 2030.

2050 - The world's population is expected to reach over 9 billion.

2050 - Robots will beat humans at football.

By the year 2050, what the reports calls the "E7" economies — China, India, Brazil, Russia, Indonesia, Mexico and Turkey — will have outstripped the current G7 — US, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy and Canada — by between 25% when comparing GDP using market exchange rates to around 75% when using purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates.

By 2100, 12% (about 1250) of the bird species existing at the beginning of the 21st century are expected to be extinct or threatened with extinction, according to the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, July 4, 2006.

2103 - Humans colonize Mars according to Star Trek Voyager episode "The 37s (Voyager episode)".

By the year 2150, over 50% of schools in the USA or Western Europe will require classes in defending against robot attacks. - Alex K. Rubin.

2150 - If fertility rates were to stay constant at 1990-1995 levels for the next 155 years, the world in 2150 would need to support 296 billion persons.

2200 - If we stopped burning fossil fuels today Earth would gradually start cooling back down. It would return to current temperatures.

Monday, October 22, 2007


Have you already tried to read barcodes printed on the label of the products you find on the supermarket shelves?

Be sure that to create them was much more difficult than read them. In 1948 Bernard Silver a supermarket executive asked some Drexel Institute of Technology students to figure out how to capture product information automatically at checkout. Bernard Silver and Norman Joseph Woodland started to cogitate how that would be possible. The two worked on some preliminary ideas without great results. One day at the beach, Woodland thought about the problem; what came to his mind was Morse code. If dots and dashes could be used to send information electronically, there certainly should be a way to capture data about grocery products that could be communicated electronically.

Together with Jordin Johanson they filed for a U.S. patent in October 1949 and it was granted in 1952.

The best-known and most widespread barcode pattern is UPC (Universal Product Code) developed as a response to business needs. On June 26, 1974 at 8:01 am, Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio made history when register a 10-pack of Wrigley's Juicy Fruit through a hand-made laser scanner made by NCR Corp.

The UPC encodes 12 decimal digits as SLLLLLLMRRRRRRE, where S (start) and E (end) are the bit pattern 101, M (middle) is the bit pattern 01010 (called guard bars), and each L (left) and R (right) are digits.

The (L) and (R) codes for each digit are the one's complement of each other Digit (L) code (R) code:
0 0001101 1110010
1 0011001 1100110
2 0010011 1101100
3 0111101 1000010
4 0100011 1011100
5 0110001 1001110
6 0101111 1010000
7 0111011 1000100
8 0110111 1001000
9 0001011 1110100

Today barcodes also come in patterns of dots, concentric circles, and text codes hidden within images. A barcode is a machine-readable representation of information, read by optical scanners called barcode readers or scanned from an image by special software.

To be used all over the world barcodes has integrated to EAN (European Article Number), a superset of UPC, adding an extra digit to the beginning (EAN 13).

The Uniform Code Council (UCC) and the Electronic Commerce Council of Canada (ECCC) joined EAN International to create and standardized codes for every nation in the world. The first three digits of the barcode of any product represents the country, as follows:

List of GS1* country codes - *GS1 (Global Standard One) is a global organization dedicated to the design and implementation of global standards and solutions to improve the efficiency and visibility of supply and demand chains globally and across multiple sectors):

000 – 019 U.S. and Canada
020 – 029 reserved for local use (store/warehouse)
030 – 039 U.S. and Canada drugs (see U.S. National Drug Code)
040 – 049 reserved for local use (store/warehouse)
050 – 059 coupons
060 – 099 U.S. and Canada
100 – 139 U.S. and Canada (reserved for later use)
200 – 299 reserved for local use (store/warehouse)
300 – 379 France and Monaco
380 Bulgaria
383 Slovenia
385 Croatia
387 Bosnia and Herzegovina
400 – 440 Germany (440 code inherited from old East Germany on reunification, 1990)
450 – 459 Japan
460 – 469 Russia
470 Kyrgyzstan
471 Taiwan
474 Estonia
475 Latvia
476 Azerbaijan
477 Lithuania
478 Uzbekistan
479 Sri Lanka
480 Philippines
481 Belarus
482 Ukraine
484 Moldova
485 Armenia
486 Georgia
487 Kazakhstan
489 Hong Kong SAR
490 – 499 Japan
500 – 509 United Kingdom
520 Greece
528 Lebanon
529 Cyprus
530 Albania
531 FYR Macedonia
535 Malta
539 Republic of Ireland
540 – 549 Belgium and Luxembourg
560 Portugal
569 Iceland
570 – 579 Denmark, Faroe Islands and Greenland
590 Poland
594 Romania
599 Hungary
600 – 601 South Africa
603 Ghana
608 Bahrain
609 Mauritius
611 Morocco
613 Algeria
616 Kenya
618 Côte d'Ivoire
619 Tunisia
621 Syria
622 Egypt
624 Libya
625 Jordan
626 Iran
627 Kuwait
628 Saudi Arabia
629 United Arab Emirates
640 – 649 Finland
690 – 695 China PR
700 – 709 Norway
729 Israel
730 – 739 Sweden
740 Guatemala
741 El Salvador
742 Honduras
743 Nicaragua
744 Costa Rica
745 Panama
746 Dominican Republic
750 Mexico
754 – 755 Canada
759 Venezuela
760 – 769 Switzerland and Liechtenstein
770 Colombia
773 Uruguay
775 Peru
777 Bolivia
779 Argentina
780 Chile
784 Paraguay
785 Peru
786 Ecuador
789 – 790 Brazil
800 – 839 Italy, San Marino and Vatican City
840 – 849 Spain and Andorra
850 Cuba
858 Slovakia
859 Czech Republic
860 Serbia and Montenegro
865 Mongolia
867 North Korea
869 Turkey
870 – 879 Netherlands
880 South Korea
884 Cambodia
885 Thailand
888 Singapore
890 India
893 Vietnam
899 Indonesia
900 – 919 Austria
930 – 939 Australia
940 – 949 New Zealand
950 Head Office
955 Malaysia
958 Macau
977 Serial publications (ISSN)
978 – 979 Bookland (ISBN) – 979 formerly used for sheet music
980 Refund receipts
981 – 982 Common Currency Coupons
990 – 999 Coupons

Countries not listed above are not currently on the GS1 system.

Another code widely used is the DUN-14 (Distribution Unit Number), it is not really a barcode type. It's a numbering system for shipping containers that uses other barcode symbology. The DUN-14 uses the ITF-14 (the GS1 implementation of an Interleaved 2 of 5 bar code to encode a Global Trade Item Number ) or the EAN-14 symbol set. Modern installations always use the EAN-14 to encode the DUN-14.

Sunday, October 21, 2007

Connected 24 Hours in the Global Economy - Daniel Altman

Where were you on June 15th 2005 ? Can’t you remember? Maybe Daniel Altman would know. In his book Daniel Altman - Connected 24 Hours in the Global Economy (Publication Date: May 2007 - Publisher: Tantor Media Inc ) the Global Economics Correspondent of the International Herald Tribune, for which he moderates the blog Managing Globalization he also served as one of the youngest-ever members of the editorial board of The New York Times, Altman chooses a day, June 15 2005, and describes 14 circumstances from any place around the world. He uses the old cog-in-the-machine metaphor of the laborer with a new globally connected and empowered knowledge class.

He begins each chapter with a news article or an email about a specific event somewhere in the world. We will then understand how this particular event relates to the global economy. This is the economist zooming in and out from the micro to the macro environment.

His first chapter starts with two world clocks, the first in New York 12:03 am and the second in Stockholm 06:03 am of the day June 15th , 2005. In this day, precisely at this time Ericsson and Napster came up with a music service that would deliver songs to mobile phones and PCs interchangeably. This partnership took six months of negotiation. Ericsson, “a pillar of its nation’s corporate identity”, and Napster “is an upstart that began life as an illegal network of tech junkies and only recently became a respectable brand” showed that most successful linkups are usually built on a combination of comforting similarities and useful differences.

Then Altman went to Tokyo to describe a cultural shift in the way Japanese people see competition and what happened at 04:02 p.m. at Fair Trade Commission’s office in Tokyo. Then Altman goes to Ho Chi Minh citiy, Hong Kong, Quingdao –China, etc.

Connected is an important peace of work for those who want to understand the powers of globalization. Globalization was not a deliberated decision took by one person, group of people or institution, globalization runs by itself, every time you pay your bill or make a trip to some distant country, “The market is like the world’s oceans; add a drop to the Atlantic, and the water level everywhere else will rise” as Altman eloquently puts.

Thursday, October 18, 2007

You tell the story - Travel through Space and Time: The IV Dynasty of Egypt

If Blemya is a blog dedicated to cool places and things in the world, travel, etc. why not to write about space and TIME travel?

My idea was to write about the ancient Egypt during the IV Dynasty, the economy, the places, etc. With that intent in my earlier days I went to the library for research, I’ve found books there were often, out-of-date, bias, poorly reasearched. Then I tried to continue my search in internet, and I came across articles about open codes that other software developers have all been using.

I decided to create the blog

Then came the idea, why not write an open story, I could use all data available about Pharaoh Sneferu, Rahotep and Nofret, Cheops, as platform and readers will be able to fill in the blanks. Maybe Nofret had an affair with Prince Nefermaat, vizier to King Sneferu.

The history begins at September 13th 2589 (Year 4 from coronation date, day 27, month paopi, season of the overflow of Nile river of his Magesty, Sneferu - The King of Upper and Low[er] Egypt) - day of the Festival of lighting the fires of Neith, with two time/space travelers: the young Luiz Pagano and his lion. They arrived in a flashlight right in the middle of a battle between the Egyptians and the Monitu.

Egyptians had conquered Monitu and forced them to pay tribute and for this purpose it was necessary to hold the country by a set of military posts. Pharaoh Sneferu’s employees use to mine in Wady Maghara (land of Monitu) and in this particular night the presence of the boy and the lion aggravates a quarrel between two nations.

An opportunist Monitu soldier took advantage from the chaos caused by the arrival of the time travelers and hit Keops (son of Sneferu) in the head.

Khufu (in Greek known as Χέωψ, Cheops; pronounced "key-ops") was son of Sneferu, second Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt's Old Kingdom. He reigned from 2589 BC to 2566 BC.

Sneferu, was the founder of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt, reigning from 2613 BC to 2589 bC. He used to call himself Neter aa, "the Great God," and Neb mat, "the Lord of Justice." He is also "the Golden Horus," or "the Conqueror." runs to help his son...

If you want to know more click on

You will continue it…..

Saturday, October 13, 2007

Incredible and expensive tour packages

When MirCorp sent Dennis Tito, an American businessman and former JPL scientist to visit the International Space Station (April 28, 2001), they knew that they were making history as the only company to have sent paying passengers to space.Tito who became world’s first space tourist had paid for the tour package 20 million dollars to the Russian agency, which put him into orbit for seven days 22 hours on the International Space Station.

After that in August 10, 2003 Ekaterina Dmitriev was married by proxy in Texas to Yuri Malenchenko, a cosmonaut who was at that time aboard the International Space Station. It was the first "space wedding" in history. The luckiest couple
didn't have to pay for the party because Yuri was on duty.
But if you are not that lucky as Yuri, and don’t want to spend as much as Tito, you could fly a Mig or Sukhoi Fighter Jets in Moscow. The package includes a breathtaking 80,000 feet altitude fly on a MiG-25 at over Mach-2.4 speed. A company called flymig even offers real-time ordering with immediate online pricing .
Is air sport becoming boring? Ok, sharkbookings offers tour packages where you could have a dream date with Great White Shark. They say that so far, client’s most serious injury has been a sunburn .

Friday, October 12, 2007

Airport code

Airport code

Airport code

That characters that you see all the time displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are codes created by IATA, it is called IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier. Is a 3 letter code that designates many airports all over the world.

Normally they are very easy to be identified, for example, the IATA code for London Heathrow is LHR. Otters are not that obvious, such as CMH for Columbus, Ohio, USA or ORD for Chicago O’Hare (formally called Orchand Field), USA.

The elaboration of these codes is governed by IATA Resolution 767, and it is administered by IATA headquarters in Montreal. The codes are published biannually in the IATA Airline Coding Directory. The codes are not exclusive: 323 of the possible 17,576 codes are used by more than one airport.

Though the IATA codes are the most familiar airport codes to passengers, the 4-letter ICAO airport codes are becoming more and more common within aviation. All international flights are planned and tracked using ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) designators, and most of the GPS databases use ICAO codes to avoid conflicts with three-letter navigation-aid codes. Many countries, such as Canada, no longer use IATA codes in their official aeronautical publications.

You will find bellow the list of some busy airports in the world, region and States. Is mentioned also in the list the official name and/or the name commonly used, IATA (International Air Transport Association) airport cod:

AAE = Annaba, Algeria
AAL = Alborg, Denmark
AAR = Aarhus, Denmark
ABD = Abadan, Iran
ABE = Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA near Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
ABI = Abilene, Texas, USA
ABJ = Port Bouet Airport, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
ABM = Bamaga, Australia
ABQ = Albuquerque International Sunport, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
ABR = Aberdeen, South Dakota, USA
ABS = Abu Simbel, Egypt
ABX = Albury, Australia
ABY = Albany, Georgia, USA
ABZ = Aberdeen, UK
ACA = Alvarez International Airport, Acapulco, Mexico
ACC = Kotoka International Airport, Accra, Ghana
ACE = Arrecife, Spain, near Lanzarote
ACY = Atlantic City International Airport, Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA
ADA = Adana, Turkey
ADD = Bole International Airport, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
ADE = Aden, Yemen
ADL = Adelaide International Airport, West Beach, Australia, near Adelaide
ADX = Aktyubinsk, Kazakhastan
ADY = Alldays, South Africa
AEP = Aeroparque Jorge Newbery, Argentina
AER = Adler and Sochi, Russia
AES = Ålesund Airport Vigra, Norway
AEX = Alexandria, Louisiana, USA
AGA = Agadir, Morocco
AGB = Augsburg, Germany
AGS = Augusta Regional Airport, Augusta, Georgia, USA
AGU = Aguascalientes, Mexico
AGZ = Aggneys, South Africa
AHN = Athens, Georgia, USA
AHO = Alghero Sassari, Italy
AHU = Al Hoceima, Morocco
AJA = Ajaccio, France
AJN = Anjouan, Comoros
AJU = Aracaju, Brazil
AJY = Agades, Niger
AKJ = Asahikawa Airport, near Asahikawa, Japan
AKL = Auckland International Airport, Mangere, New Zealand, nearAuckland
ALB = Albany International Airport, Albany, New York, USA
ALC = Alicante, Spain
ALG = Algiers, Algeria
ALH = Albany, Australia
ALJ = Alexander Bay, South Africa
ALV = Andorra La Vella, Andorra
ALY = Alexandria, Egypt
AMA = Rick Husband Amarillo International Airport, Amarillo, Texas, USA
AMD = Ahmedabad International Airport, Ahmedabad, India
AMM = Queen Alia Airport, Amman, Jordan
AMS = Schiphol Airport, Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands, near Amsterdam
ANB = Anniston, Alabama, USA
ANC = Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
ANK = Ankara, Turkey
ANR = Antwerp, Belgium
ANU = V. C. Bird International Airport, Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda
AOH = Lima Allen County Airport, Lima, Ohio
AOI = Ancona, Italy
AOJ = Aomori, Japan
AOO = Altoona, Pennsylvania, USA
APF = Naples Municipal Airport, Naples, Florida, USA
APN = Alpena County Regional Airport, Alpena, Michigan, USA
APW = Apia, Western Samoa
AQJ = Aqaba, Jordan
ARB = Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
ARN = Arlanda Airport, Stockholm, Sweden
ASE = Aspen-Pitkin County Airport, Aspen, Colorado, USA
ASJ = Amami, Japan
ASK = Yamoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire
ASP = Alice Springs, Australia
ATH = Eleftherios Venizelos Airport, Spata, near Athens, Greece (succeeded Ellinikon International Airport)
ATL = William B. Hartsfield International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
ATQ = Amritsar, India
ATW = Appleton, Wisconsin, USA, near Neenah, Wisconsin, and Menasha, Wisconsin
AUA = Queen Beatrix International Airport, near Orenjasted, Aruba
AUG = Augusta Airport, Augusta, Maine, USA
AUH = Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
AUR = Aurillac, France
AUS = Austin-Bergstrom International Airport, Austin, Texas, USA
AVL = Asheville Regional Airport, Fletcher, North Carolina, USA, near Asheville, North Carolina
AXA = Anguilla
AXS = Armenia, Colombia
AXT = Akita, Japan
AYQ = Ayers Rock, Australia
AYR = Ayr, Australia
AYT = Antalya, Turkey
AZO = Kalamazoo-Battle Creek International Airport, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA

BAH = Bahrain
BAK = Baku, Azerbaijan
BAQ = Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport, Barranquila, Colombia
BBI = Bhubaneswar, India
BBT = Berberati, Central African Republic
BBY = Bambari, Central African Republic
BCN = El Prat International Airport, El Prat de Llobregat, Spain, near Barcelona
BDA = Bermuda International Airport, Ferry Reach, Bermuda, near Hamilton
BDL = Bradley International Airport, Windsor Locks, Connecticut, near Hartford, Connecticut, USA
BDQ = Baronda, India
BDS = Brindsi, Italy
BDU = Bardufoss Airport, Norway
BEG = Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
BEH = Benton Harbour, Michigan, USA
BEL = Belem, Brazil
BEN = Benghazi, Libya
BER = All Airports, Berlin, Germany
BES = Brest, France
BET = Bethel, Alaska, USA
BEW = Beira, Mozambique
BEY = Beirut International Airport, Beirut, Lebanon
BFD = Bradford, Pennsylvania, USA, near Warren, Pennsylvania, and Olean, New York
BFL = Meadows Field Airport, Bakersfield, California, USA
BFN = Bloemfontein Airport, Bloemfontein, South Africa
BFS = Belfast International Airport, Belfast, UK
BGF = Bangui, Central African Republic
BGI = Grantley Adams International Airport, Bridgetown, Barbados
BGO = Bergen Airport Flesland, Bergen, Norway
BGR = Bangor, Maine, USA
BGU = Bangassou, Central African Republic
BGW = All Airports, Baghdad, Iraq
BGY = Orio al Serio International Airport, Bergamo, Italy, near Milan
BHD = Belfast City Airport, Belfast, UK
BHE = Blenheim, New Zealand
BHM = Birmingham International Airport, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
BHO = Bhopal, India
BHV = Bahawalpur, Pakistan
BHX = Birmingham International Airport, Birmingham, UK
BIA = Bastia, France
BIL = Billings Logan Airport, Billings, Montana, USA
BIO = Bilbao, Spain
BIQ = Biarritz, France
BIS = Bismarck, North Dakota, USA, near Mandan, North Dakota
BJI = Bemidji, Minnesota, USA
BJL = Banjul, Gambia
BJS = All Airports, Beijing, China
BJX = Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico
BJZ = Badajoz, Spain
BKK = Don Muang Airport, Bangkok, Thailand
BKW = Beckley, West Virginia, USA
BKO = Senou International Airport, Bamako, Mali
BLA = Barcelona, Venezuela
BLF = Bluefield, West Virginia, USA
BLI = Bellingham International Airport, Bellingham, Washington, USA
BLL = Billund, Denmark
BLQ = Gugliemo Marconi Airport, Bologna, Italy
BLR = Hindustan International Airport, Bangalore, India
BLZ = Chileka Airport, Blantyre, Malawi
BMG = Bloomington, Indiana, USA
BMI = Bloomington, Illinois, USA, near Normal, Illinois
BMP = Brampton Island, Australia
BNA = Nashville International Airport, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
BNE = Brisbane International Airport, Brisbane, Australia
BNK = Ballina, Australia
BNP = Bannu, Pakistan
BOB = Bora Bora, French Polynesia
BOD = Bordeaux, France
BOE = Boundji, Colombia
BOG = El Dorado International Airport, Bogota, Colombia
BOH = Bournemouth Hurn Airport, UK
BOI = Boise Air Terminal, Boise, Idaho, USA
BOJ = Burgas, Bulgaria
BOM = Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai, India
BON = Flamingo International Airport, near Kralendijk, Bonaire
BOO = Bodø Airport, Bodø, Norway
BOS = Lt. General E.L. Logan International Airport, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, near Boston
BOW = Bartow, Florida, USA
BOY = Bobo and Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
BPT = Southeast Texas Regional Airport, Nederland, Texas, USA
BQH = Biggin Hill, UK
BQK = Brunswick, Georgia, USA, near Glyncouster, Georgia
BQN = Rafael Hernandez Airport, Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, USA
BRD = Brainerd, Minnesota, USA
BRI = Bari, Italy
BRN = Belp Airport, Bern, Switzerland
BRQ = Brno, Czech Republic
BRS = Bristol, UK
BRU = Brussels International Airport, Brussels, Belgium
BSB = Brasilia, Brazil
BSL = Basel-Mulhouse International Airport, Basel, Switzerland and Mulhouse, France
BTR = Baton Rouge Metropolitian Airport, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
BTS = Bratislava, Slovakia
BTU = Bintulu, Malaysia
BTV = Burlington, Vermont, USA
BUD = Ferihegy Airport, Budapest, Hungary
BUE = All Airports, Buenos Aires, Argentina
BUF = Buffalo Niagara International Airport, Buffalo, New York, USA
BUG = Bengueka, Angola
BUH = All Airports, Bucharest, Romania
BUR = Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport, Burbank, California, USA
BVA = Beauvais Airport, Tille, France
BVB = Boa Vista, Brazil
BWI = Baltimore-Washington International Airport, between Baltimore, Maryland and Washington, DC, USA
BWN = Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
BXO = Bissau, Guinea Bissau
BXS = Borrego Springs, California, USA
BYK = Bouake, Côte d'Ivoire
BYU = Bayreuth, Germany
BZE = Phillip S. W. Goldson International Airport, Ladyville, Belize, northwest of Belize City
BZG = Bydgoszcz, Poland
BZL = Barisal, Bangladesh
BZN = Albert Gallatin Airport, Bozeman, Montana, USA
BZV = Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo

CAE = Columbia Metropolitian Airport, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
CAI = Cairo International Airport, Cairo, Egypt
CAK = Akron, Ohio, near Canton, Ohio, USA
CAN = Guangzhou, China
CAS = All Airports, Casablanca, Morocco
CAT = Cat Island, Bahamas
CCS = Maiquetia International Airport, Maiquetia, Venezuela, near Caracas
CCU = Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Dum Dum, India, near Kolkata, India
CDC = Cedar City, Utah, USA
CDG = Charles De Gaulle International Airport, Roissy, France, near Paris
CDQ = Croydon, Australia
CEB = Mactan-Cebu International Airport, Cebu Philippines
CEI = Chiang Rai International Airport, Chiang Rai, Thailand
CEN = Ciudad Obregón, Mexico
CFE = Clermont-Ferrand, France
CGK = Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, Indonesia
CGX = Meigs Field, Chicago, Illinois, USA
CHA = Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA
CHI = All Airports, Chicago, Illinois
CHO = Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
CHS = Charleston International Airport, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
CID = Cedar Rapids, Iowa, USA
CJS = Ciudad Juárez, Mexico
CKB = Clarksburg, West Virginia, USA
CKY = Conakry, Guinea
CLE = Hopkins International Airport, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
CLJ = Cluj-Napoca International Airport, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
CLO = Alfonso Bonilla Aragon International Airport, Cali, Colombia
CLT = Charlotte Douglas International Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
CMH = Port Columbus International Airport, Columbus, Ohio, USA
CMN = Mohammed V International Airport, Casablanca, Morocco, USA
CMX = Houghton County Memorial Airport, Boston Location, Michigan, USA, near Hancock, Michigan
CNF = Belo Horizonte, Brazil
CNS = Cairns Airport, Cairns, Australia
CNX = Chiang Mai International Airport, Chiang Mai, Thailand
COD = Cody, Wyoming, USA
COO = Cotonou, Benin
COS = Colorado Springs Airport, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA
CPE = Campeche, Mexico
CPH = Kastrup Airport, Amager, Denmark, near Copenhagen
CPQ = Viracopos: Campinas International Airport, Brazil
CPR = Casper, Wyoming, USA
CPT = Cape Town International Airport, Cape Town, South Africa
CGH = Congonhas Airport, Sao Paulo, Brazil
CRW = Yeager Airport, Charleston, West Virginia, USA
CRP = Corpus Christi International Airport, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA
CSG = Columbus, Georgia, USA
CTA = Catania, Italy
CTS = Chitose International Airport, Sapporo, Japan
CUR = Hato International Airport, near Willemstad, Curaçao
CUN = Cancún International Airport, Cancún, Mexico
CUL = Culiacán, Mexico
CUU = Chihuahua, Mexico
CVG = Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport, Hebron, Kentucky, USA, near Cincinnati, Ohio
CZM = Cozumel, Mexico

DAB = Daytona Beach, Florida, USA
DAC = Zia International Airport, Dhaka, Bangladesh
DAL = Love Field, Dallas, Texas, USA
DAM = Damascus International Airport, Syria
DAR = Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
DAY = James M. Cox International Airport, Dayton, Ohio, USA
DCA = Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Arlington, Virginia, USA, near Washington, DC
DEL = Indira Gandhi International Airport New Delhi, India
DEN = Denver International Airport, Denver, Colorado, USA
DFW = Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, Texas, USA, near Dallas, Texas and Fort Worth, Texas
DHN = Dothan, Alabama, USA
DKR = Dakar-Yoff-Leopold Sedal Senghor International Airport, Dakar, Senegal
DLA = Douala, Cameroon
DME = Domodedovo International Airport, Moscow, Russia
DMM = King Fahad International Airport, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
DOG = Dongola, Sudan
DOH = Doha, Qatar
DPS = Denpasar, Indonesia
DRS = Dresden, Germany
DSM = Des Moines, Iowa, USA
DTT = All Airports, Detroit, Michigan, USA
DTW = Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, near Detroit, Michigan, USA
DUB = Dublin International Airport, Dun Laoghaire, Ireland, near Dublin
DUR = Durban International Airport, Durban, South Africa
DUS = Düsseldorf International Airport, Düsseldorf, Germany
DXB = Dubai International Airport, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

EAP = Basel-Mulhouse International Airport, Basel, Switzerland and Mulhouse, France
EDI = Edinburgh International Airport, Edinburgh, UK
EFD = Ellington Field, Houston, Texas, USA
EGE = Eagle County Airport, Eagle County, Colorado, USA, near Vail, Colorado
EIN = Eindhoven Airport, Eindhoven, Netherlands
EIS = Beef Island, British Virgin Islands, near Tortola, British Virgin Islands
EIW = County Memorial Airport, New Madrid, Missouri, USA
EKO = Elko, Nevada, USA
ELM = Elmira-Corning Regional Airport, Elmira, New York and Big Flats, New York, USA
ELP = El Paso International Airport, El Paso, Texas, USA
ELS = East London Airport, East London, South Africa
EMA = East Midlands Airport, Leicestershire, UK
ERI = Erie, Pennsylvania, USA
ESF = Alexandria, Louisiana, USA
EUG = Mahlon Sweet Airport, Eugene, Oregon, USA
EVN = Zvartnots International Airport, Yerevan, Armenia
EVV = Evansville Regional Airport, Evansville, Indiana, USA
EWR = Newark Liberty International Airport, Newark, New Jersey, USA, near New York City
EXT = Exeter, UK
EYW = Key West International Airport, Key West, Florida, USA
EZE = Ministro Pistarini International Airport, Ezeiza, Argentina, near Buenos Aires

FAI = Fairbanks International Airport, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA
FAR = Hector International Airport, Fargo, North Dakota, USA
FAT = Fresno Yosemite International Airport, Fresno, California, USA
FAY = Fayetteville, North Carolina, USA
FCA = Glacier Park International Airport, Kalispell, Montana, USA
FCO = Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport Fiumicino, Italy, near Rome
FJR = Fujairah, United Arab Emirates
FLG = Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
FLL = Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA, near Hollywood, Florida
FLO = Florence, South Carolina, USA
FLR = Amerigo Vespucci Airport, Florence, Italy
FMY = Page Field, Florida, USA
FNJ = Pyongyang Sunan Airport, Pyongyang, North Korea
FNT = Flint, Michigan, USA
FPO = Grand Bahama International Airport, Freeport, Bahamas
FPR = Fort Pierce, Florida, USA
FRA = Frankfurt International Airport, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
FUK = Fukuoka Airport, Fukuoka, Japan
FWA = Fort Wayne International Airport, Fort Wayne, Indiana
FYV = Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA

GCI = Guernsey, UK
GCM = Owen Roberts International Airport, near Georgetown, Cayman Islands
GDA = Lech Walesa International Airport, Gdansk, Poland
GDL = Guadalajara, Mexico
GEG = Spokane International Airport, Spokane, Washington, USA
GEO = Cheddi Jagan International Airport, Georgetown, Guyana
GIG = Rio De Janeiro International Airport, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
GJT = Grand Junction, Colorado, USA
GLA = Glasgow International Airport, Glasgow, UK
GLH = Mid-Delta Regional Airport, Greenville, Mississippi, USA
GMP = Gimpo Airport, Gimpo, South Korea, near Seouk
GND = Port Salines International Airport, Grenada
GNV = Gainesville Regional Airport, Gainesville, Florida, USA
GOA = Genoa, Italy
GOT = Gothenburg-Landvetter Airport, Gothenburg, Sweden
GPA = Araxos, Greece
GPT = Gulfport-Biloxi International Airport, Gulfport, Mississippi, USA
GRB = Green Bay, Wisconsin, USA
GRJ = George Airport, George, South Africa
GRR = Gerald R. Ford International Airport, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA
GRU = Guarulhos International Airport, Sao Paulo, Brazil
GSO = Piedmont Triad International Airport, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA
GSP = Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport, Greer, South Carolina, USA
GTF = Great Falls, Montana, USA
GTR = Golden Triangle Regional Airport, serving Columbus, West Point and Starkville, Mississippi, USA
GUA = Guatemala City International Airport, Guatemala City, Guatemala
GUB = Guerrero Negro, Mexico
GUM = Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport, Tamuning, Guam, USA, near Hagåtña, Guam
GVA = Cointrin International Airport, Geneva, Switzerland
GWY = Galway Airport, Carnamore, Ireland, near Galway
GYE = Simon Bolivar International Airport, Santiago de Guayaquil, Ecuador
GYM = Guaymas, Mexico

HAJ = Hanover, Germany
HAM = Hamburg, Germany
HAN = Hanoi, Vietnam
HAV = Jose Marti International Airport, Havana, Cuba
HDY = Hat Yai International Airport, Hat Yai, Thailand
HEL = Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, Vantaa, Finland, near Helsinki
HFD = All Airports, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
HHN = Frankfurt-Hahn Airport, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
HKG = Hong Kong International Airport, Hong Kong, China (succeeded Kai Tak International Airport)
HKT = Phuket International Airport, Phuket, Thailand
HLN = Helena, Montana, USA
HMO = Hermosillo, Mexico
HND = Tokyo International Airport, Tokyo, Japan
HNL = Honolulu International Airport, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
HBA = Hobart, Australia
HOU = William P. Hobby Airport, Houston, Texas, USA
HPN = Westchester County Airport, White Plains, New York, USA
HRL = Valley International Airport, Harlingen, Texas, USA
HSV = Huntsville International Airport, Huntsville, Alabama, USA, near Decatur, Alabama
HTS = Tri-State Airport, Huntington, West Virginia, USA

IAD = Washington Dulles International Airport, in Chantilly, Virginia, USA, near Washington, DC
IAH = George Bush Intercontinental Airport, near Houston, Texas, USA
ICN = Incheon International Airport, Incheon, South Korea, near Seoul
IDA = Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA
IEG = Zielona Gora, Poland
IEV = All Airports, Kiev, Ukraine
ILE = Killeen, Texas, USA
ILM = Wilmington, North Carolina, USA
IND = Indianapolis International Airport, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
IRO = Biraro, Central African Republic
ISB = Islamabad International Airport, Islamabad, Pakistan
ISP = Long Island MacArthur Airport, Islip, New York, USA
IST = Ataturk International Airport, Istanbul, Turkey
ITH = Ithaca Tompkins Regional Airport, Ithaca, New York, USA
ITM = Osaka International Airport, Itami, Japan, near Osaka
IXG = Belgaum, India
IGI = New Delhi, India

JAC = Jackson Hole, Wyoming, USA
JAN = Jackson, Mississippi, USA
JAX = Jacksonville International Airport, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
JED = King Abdulaziz International Airport, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
JER = Jersey, UK
JFK = John F. Kennedy International Airport , Jamaica, New York, USA in New York City
JKT = All Airports, Jakarta, Indonesia
JNB = Johannesburg International Airport, Johannesburg, South Africa
JNU = Juneau, Alaska, USA
JRO = Kilimanjaro International Airport, Tanzania
JRS = Jerusalem International Airport, Jerusalem

KBL = Kabul International Airport, Kabul, Afghanistan
KBP = Kyiv, Ukraine
KEF = Keflavik International Airport, Keflavik, Iceland, near Reykjavic
KHH = Kaohsiung International Airport, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
KHI = Karachi International Airport , Karachi, Pakistan
KIJ = Niigata, Japan
KIM = Kimberley Airport, Kimberley, South Africa
KIN = Norman Manley International Airport, Kingston, Jamaica
KIX = Kansai International Airport, Osaka, Japan
KOA = Keahole Airport Kailua, Hawaii and Kona, Hawaii, USA
KOJ = Kagoshima, Japan
KPB = Zhulyany International Airport, Kiev, Ukraine
KRK = John Paul II International Airport, Cracow, Poland
KSC = Kosice, Slovakia
KTW = Katowice International Airport, Katowice, Poland
KUL = Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
KWI = Kuwait International Airport, Kuwait City, Kuwait

LAN = Capital City Airport, Lansing, Michigan, USA
LAP = La Paz, Mexico
LAS = McCarran International Airport, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
LAX = Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, USA
LBA = Leeds/Bradford Airport, West Yorkshire, Uinted Kingdom
LBB = Lubbock International Airport, Lubbock, Texas, USA
LBI = Albi, France
LBV = Libreville, Gabon
LCJ = Lodz, Poland
LCY = London City Airport, London, Uinted Kingdom
LED = Pulkovo International Airport, Saint Petersburg, Russia
LEJ = Leipzig/Halle Airport, Leipzig, Germany
LEX = Lexington, Kentucky, USA
LFT = Lafayette Regional Airport, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA
LFW = Lome, Togo
LGA = La Guardia Airport, Flushing, New York, USA, in New York City
LGB = Long Beach Municipal Airport, Long Beach, California, USA, near Los Angeles, California
LGW = London Gatwick Airport nearby London, UK
LGP = Legazpi Airport nearby Legazpi City, Philippines
LHE = Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore, Pakistan
LHR = London Heathrow Airport, London, UK
LIA = Lima, Ohio, USA
LIG = Limoges, France, USA
LIH = Lihue Airport Lihue, Hawaii, USA
LIM = Jorge Chavez International Airport, Callao, Peru, near Lima
LIN = Linate Airport, Milan, Italy
LIR = Guanacaste Liberia, Costa Rica
LIS = Portela Airport, Lisbon, Portugal
LIT = Little Rock National Airport, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
LLH = Las Limas, Honduras
LMM = Los Mochis, Mexico
LON = All Airports, London, UK
LOS = Lagos Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Lagos, Nigeria
LOV = Monclova, Mexico
LPL = Liverpool John Lennon Airport, Liverpool, UK
LRD = Laredo International Airport, Laredo, Texas, USA
LRM = La Romana, Dominican Republic
LRT = Lorient, France
LST = Launceston, Australia
LTO = Loreto, Mexico
LTN = London Luton Airport, Luton, UK, near London
LUG = Lugano, Switzerland
LUN = Lusaka, Zambia
LUX = Luxembourg-Findel, Luxembourg
LWB = Lewisburg, West Virginia, USA
LYH = Lynchburg, Virginia, USA
LYS = Saint-Exupéry International Airport, Lyon, France

MAA = Chennai International Airport, Tirusulam, India, near Chennai
MAD = Barajas International Airport, Madrid, Spain
MAF = Midland International Airport, Midland, Texas, near Odessa, Texas, USA
MAN = Manchester International Airport, Manchester, UK
MBJ = Sangster International Airport, Montego Bay, Jamaica
MBS = MBS International Airport, Saginaw, Michigan, USA
MCI = Kansas City International Airport, Kansas City, Missouri, USA
MCN = Macon, Georgia, USA
MCO = Orlando International Airport, Orlando, Florida, USA
MDE = Jose Maria Cordova International Airport, Medellin, Colombia
MDT = Harrisburg International Airport, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA
MDW = Midway International Airport, Chicago, Illinois, USA
MEI = Meridian, Mississippi, USA
MEL = Melbourne Airport, Tullamarine, Australia, near Melbourne
MEM = Memphis International Airport, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
MEX = Benito Juarez International Airport, Mexico City, Mexico
MFE = McAllen-Miller International Airport, McAllen, Texas, USA
MFM = Macau International Airport, Macau, China
MFR = Rogue Valley International-Medford Airport, Medford, Oregon, USA
MGA = Augusto C. Sandino International Airport, Managua, Nicaragua
MGM = Montgomery, Alabama, USA
MHT = Manchester Airport, Manchester, New Hampshire, USA
MIA = Miami International Airport, Miami, Florida, USA
MID = Meridia, Mexico
MIL = All Airports, Milan, Italy
MJV = San Javier-Murcia Airport, Murcia, Spain
MKC = All Airports, Kansas City, Missouri, USA
MKE = General Mitchell International Airport, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
MLA = Malta International Airport, Malta
MLB = Melbourne International Airport, Melbourne, Florida, USA
MLH = Mulhouse, France
MLI = Quad City International Airport, Moline, Illinois, USA
MLU = Monroe, Louisiana, USA
MNL = Ninoy Aquino International Airport, Manila, Philippines
MOB = Mobile Regional Airport, Mobile, Alabama, USA
MOL = Molde Airport Årø, Molde, Norway
MOW = All Airports, Moscow, Russia
MPL = Montpelier, France
MRS = Marseilles, France
MRY = Monterey, California, USA
MSN = Dane County Regional Airport, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
MSO = Missoula, Montana, USA
MSP = Minneapolis-St Paul International Airport, near St Paul, Minnesota and Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
MSQ = Minsk International Airport, near Minsk, Belarus
MSY = Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport, Kenner, Louisiana, USA, near New Orleans
MTJ = Telluride Regional Airport, Telluride, Colorado, USA, nearby Montrose, Colorado
MTY = Monterrey, Mexico
MUC = Franz Josef Strauß International Airport, Munich, Germany
MXL = Mexicali, Mexico
MXP = Malpensa International Airport, Varese, Italy, near Milan
MYR = Myrtle Beach Airport, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA
MZT = Mazatlan, Mexico

NAN = Nadi International Airport, Nadi, Fiji
NAP = Naples, Italy
NAS = Nassau, Bahamas
NBO = Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, Nairobi, Kenya
NCE = Côte d'Azur International Airport, Nice, France
NCY = Annecy, France
NDJ = N'Djamena, Chad
NGS = Nagasaki, Japan
NGO = Komaki International Airport, Nagoya, Japan
NIM = Niamey, Niger
NKC = Nouakchott, Mauritania
NTY = Pilanesburg International Airport, Pilanesburg, South Africa
NRT = New Tokyo International Airport, Narita, Japan, near Tokyo
NSI = Yaoundé, Cameroon
NTE = Nantes, France
NUE = Nuremberg, Germany
NYC = All Airports, New York City, USA

OAK = Oakland International Airport, Oakland, California, USA, near San Francisco
OAX = Oaxaca, Mexico
OGG = Kahului Airport, Kahului, Hawaii, USA
OIT = Oita, Japan
OKC = Will Rogers World Airport, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
OKJ = Okayama, Japan
OMA = Eppley Air Field, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
OMR = Oradea International Airport, Oradea, Romania
ONT = Ontario International Airport, Ontario, California, USA, near Los Angeles
OPO = Porto, Portugal

ORD = O' Hare International Airport, Chicago, Illinois, USA
ORF = Norfolk International Airport, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
ORK = Cork International Airport, Cork, Ireland
ORM = Sywell Airport, Northampton and Peterborough, UK
OSA = All Airports, Osaka, Japan
OSL = Oslo Airport Gardermoen, Ullensaker, Norway, north of Oslo
OSR = Ostrava, Czech Republic
OTP = Otopeni International Airport, Otopeni, Romania, near Bucharest, Romania
OUA = Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
OUZ = Zouerate, Mauritania
OVB = Tolmachevo Airport, Novosibirsk, Russia
OXR = Oxnard Airport, Oxnard, California, USA

PAP = Port-au-Prince International Airport, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
PAR = All Airports, Paris, France
PAH = Paducah, Kentucky, USA
PBI = Palm Beach International Airport, West Palm Beach, Florida, USA, near Palm Beach, Florida
PDS = Piedras Negras, Mexico
PDX = Portland International Airport, Portland, Oregon, USA
PEI = Matecana International Airport, Pereira, Colombia
PEK = Beijing Capital International Airport, Beijing, China
PER = Perth Airport, Perth, Australia
PFN = Panama City-Bay County International Airport, Panama City, Florida, USA
PHC = Omagwa International Airport, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
PHF = Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport, Newport News, Virginia, USA
PHL = Philadelphia International Airport, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
PHX = Sky Harbor International Airport, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
PIA = Peoria, Illinois, USA
PIE = Saint Petersburg-Clearwater International Airport, Clearwater, Florida, USA, near St Petersburg, Florida
PIH = Poctatello, Idaho, USA
PIK = Glasgow Prestwick International Airport, Ayrshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, near Glasgow
PIT = Pittsburgh International Airport, Findlay Township, Pennsylvania, USA, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
PLH = Plymouth Airport, Plymouth, UK
PLS = Providencales, Turks and Caicos Islands
PLZ = Port Elizabeth Airport, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
PMO = Palermo International Airport (Falcone-Borsellino / Punta Raisi), Palermo, Italy
PNS = Pensacola Regional Airport, Pensacola, Florida, USA
POP = Puerto Plata Airport, Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic
POS = Piarco International Airport, Piarco, Trinidad and Tobago, near Port of Spain
POZ = Poznan International Airport, Poznan, Poland
PPT = Faaa International Airport, Papeete, Tahiti
PRG = Ruzyne International Airport, Prague, Czech Republic
PSA = Galileo Galilei Airport, Pisa, Italy
PSC = Tri-City Airport, Pasco, Washington, USA
PSE = Mercedita Airport, Ponce, Puerto Rico, USA
PSP = Palm Springs, California, USA
PTP = Pointe-à-Pitre International Airport, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe
PTY = Tocumen International Airport, Panama City, Panama
PUB = Pueblo, Colorado, USA
PUJ = Punta Cana, Dominican Republic
PUS = Gimhae International Airport, Gimhae, Korea, near Busan
PVD = T. F. Green Airport, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
PVG = Pu Dong International Airport, Shanghai, China
PVK = Preveza Airport, Greece
PVR = Gustavo Diaz Ordaz International Airport, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico
PWM = Portland International Jetport, Portland, Maine, USA
PZH = Zhob, Pakistan

QDF = All Airports, Dallas, Texas, USA
QHO = All Airports, Houston, Texas, USA
QLI = Limassol, Cyprus
QNB = Anand, India

RAK = Menara International Airport, Marrakech, Morocco
RDM = Roberts Field, Redmond, Oregon, USA
RDU = Raleigh-Durham International Airport, Durham, North Carolina, USA, near Raleigh, North Carolina
RGN = Yangon, Myanmar
RIC = Richmond International Airport, Richmond, Virginia, USA
RLT = Arlit, Niger
RNO = Reno/Tahoe International Airport, Reno, Nevada, USA
ROC = Greater Rochester International Airport, Rochester, Monroe County, New York, USA
ROM = All Airports, Rome, Italy
ROR = Koror, Palau
RST = Rochester International Airport, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
RSW = Southwest Florida International Airport, Fort Myers, Florida, USA
RUH = King Khaled International Airport, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
RZE = Rzeszow, Poland

SAC = All Airports, Sacramento, California, USA
SAL = Comalapa International Airport, San Salvador, El Salvador
SAN = San Diego International Airport, San Diego, California, USA
SAO = All Airports, Sao Paulo, Brazil
SAP = Ramon Villeda Morales International Airport, San Pedro Sula, Honduras
SAT = San Antonio International Airport, San Antonio, Texas, USA
SAV = Savannah International Airport, Savannah, Georgia, USA, near Hilton Head, South Carolina
SBD = San Bernardino International Airport, San Bernardino, California, USA
SCL = Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport, Santiago, Chile
SDA = Baghdad International Airport, Baghdad, Iraq
SDF = Louisville International Airport, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
SDL = Sundsvall-Härnösand (Midlanda) Airport, Sundsvall, Sweden
SDQ = Las Americas International Airport, Punta Caucedo, Dominican Republic, near Santo Domingo
SEA = Seattle-Tacoma Airport, Washington, USA, near Seattle, Washington and Tacoma, Washington
SEX = Sembach Airport, Finsterwalde, Germany
SFB = Orlando Sanford International Airport, Sanford, Florida, USA, near Orlando
SFO = San Francisco International Airport, San Francisco, California, USA
SGN = Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
SHA = Hongqiao Airport, Shanghai, China
SID = Amilcar Cabral International Airport, Sal Island, Cape Verde
SIN = Changi International Airport, Changi, Singapore
SJC = Norman Yoshio Mineta San Jose International Airport, San Jose, California, USA
SJD = Los Cabos, Mexico
SJO = Juan Santa Maria International Airport, San José, Costa Rica
SJU = Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA
SLC = Salt Lake City International Airport, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
SLU = Vigie Airport, Castries, Saint Lucia
SMF = Sacramento International Airport, Sacramento, California, USA
SNA = John Wayne Airport, Santa Ana, California, USA
SNN = Shannon International Airport, Shannon, Ireland
SOU = Southampton Airport, Southampton, UK
SRQ = Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport, Sarasota, Florida, USA near Bradenton, Florida
STI = Santiago, Dominican Republic
STL = Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport, Saint Louis, MissouriSantiago, Chile
STN = London Stansted Airport, Essex, UK, near London
STO = All Airports, Stockholm, Sweden
STR = Echterdingen Airport, Stuttgart, Germany
STT = Cyril E. King International Airport, Charlotte Animalie, USA Virgin Islands
STX = Henry E. Rohlsen International Airport, Saint Croix, USAVirgin Islands
SUF = Lamezia Terme, Italy
SUJ = Satu Mare International Airport, Satu Mare, Romania
SUM = Hagåtña, Guam, USA
SVG = Stavanger Airport Sola, Stavanger, Norway
SVO = Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow, Russia
SWF = Stewart International Airport, Newburgh, New York, USA
SXF = Schönefeld International Airport, Berlin, Germany
SYD = Kingsford Smith International Airport, Mascot, Australia, near Sydney
SYR = Syracuse Hancock International Airport, Syracuse, New York, USA
SZB = Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport, Subang, Malaysia
SZY = Szczytno, Poland
SZZ = Szczecin, Poland

TAB = Crown Point International Airport, Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago
TAS = Vostochny International Airport, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
TGU = Toncontin International Airport, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
TFS = Reina Sofia Airport (Tenerife Southern Airport), Isle of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
THF = Tempelhof International Airport, Berlin, Germany
TIA = Rinas Mother Teresa Airport, Tirana, Albania
TIJ = General Abelardo L. Rodriguez International Airport, Tijuana, Mexico
TLH = Tallahassee Regional Airport, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
TLL = Tallinn Airport, Tallin, Estonia
TLV = Ben Gurion International Airport, Lod, Israel, near Tel Aviv
TNR = Annantarivo, Madagascar
TPA = Tampa International Airport, Tampa, Florida, USA
TPE = Chiang Kai Shek International Airport, Taoyuan, Taiwan, near Taipei
TRF = Sandefjord Airport Torp, Torp, Norway, near Sandefjord
TRV = Trivandrum International Airport, Trivandrum, India
TSR = Timisoara, Romania
TUL = Tulsa International Airport, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
TUN = Carthage Airport, Tunis, Tunisia
TUS = Tucson International Airport, Tucson, Arizona, USA
TVC = Cherry Capital Airport, Traverse City, Michigan, USA
TXL = Tegel International Airport, Berlin, Germany
TYO = All Airports, Tokyo, Japan
TYS = McGhee Tyson Airport, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA

UCA = Utica, New York, USA
UIO = Mariscal Sucre International Airport, Quito, Ecuador
ULN = Buyant Ukha Airport, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
UTN = Upington Airport, Upington, South Africa
URC = Urumqi, China
URT = Surat Thani, Thailand
USH = Ushuaia International Airport, Ushuaia, Argentina
UVF = Hewanorra International Airport, Vieux-Fort, Saint Lucia

VCE = Marco Polo International Airport, Venice, Italy
VIE = Vienna International Airport, Vienna, Austria
VKO = Vnukovo Airport, Moscow, Russia
VLI = Bauerfield International Airport, Port Vila, Vanuatu
VNO = Vilnius International Airport, Vilnius, Lithuania
VPS = Okaloosa Regional Airport, Valparaiso, Florida, USA, near Fort Walton Beach, Florida
VVI = Viru Viru International Airport, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

WAW = Frederick Chopin International Airport, Warsaw, Poland
WDH = Windhoek International Airport, Windhoek, Namibia
WRO = Wroclaw International Airport, Wroclaw, Poland

XMN = Xiamen, China
XNA = Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport, Bentonville, Arkansas, USA, near Fayetteville and Springdale

YAK = Yakutat, Alaska, USA
YAO = Yaounde, Cameroon
YAT = Attawapiskat, Northwest Territories, Canada
YBC = Bagotville, Quebec, Canada
YBL = Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada
YCD = Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada
YCG = Castlegar, British Columbia, Canada
YDF = Deer Lake, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
YEA = All Airports, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
YEG = Edmonton International Airport, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
YEL = Elliot Lake Airport, Elliot Lake, Ontario, Canada
YFB = Iqaluit Airport, Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada
YFC = Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
YFO = Flin Flon, Manitoba, Canada
YGK = Kingston, Ontario, Canada
YGP = Gaspe, Quebec, Canada
YHZ = Halifax International Airport, Enfield, Nova Scotia, Canada, near Halifax
YKA = Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada
YKM = Yakima, Washington, USA
YKZ = Buttonville Municipal Airport, Markham, Ontario, Canada
YLW = Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada
YMM = Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada
YMQ = All Airports, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
YMX = Montreal-Mirabel International Airport, Mirabel, Quebec, Canada, near Montreal
YNB = Yanbu, Saudi Arabia
YOK = Yokohama, Japan
YOW = Macdonald-Cartier International Airport, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
YPR = Prince Rupert, British Columbia, Canada
YQB = Jean Lesage International Airport, Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada, in Quebec City
YQG = Windsor, Ontario, Canada
YQL = Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
YQM = Greater Moncton International Airport, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada
YQQ = Comox, British Columbia, Canada
YQR = Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
YQT = Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
YQU = Grande Prairie, Alberta, Canada
YQX = Gander International Airport, Gander, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
YQY = Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
YSB = Sudbury, Ontario, Canada
YSJ = Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
YTH = Thompson, Manitoba, Canada
YTS = Timmins, Ontario, Canada
YTO = All Airports, Toronto, Ontario
YTZ = Toronto City Centre Airport, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
YUL = Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport, Dorval, Quebec, Canada in Montreal
YUM = Yuma, Arizona, USA
YUY = Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec, Canada
YVO = Val d'Or, Quebec, Canada
YVR = Vancouver International Airport, Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, near Vancouver
YWG = Winnipeg International Airport, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
YWK = Wabush, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
YXC = Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada
YXE = Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
YXH = Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada
YXJ = Fort St. John, British Columbia, Canada
YXS = Prince George Airport, British Columbia, Canada
YXU = London International Airport, London, Ontario, Canada
YXX = Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada
YXY = Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada
YYB = North Bay, Ontario, Canada
YYC = Calgary International Airport, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
YYF = Penticton, British Columbia, Canada
YYG = Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
YYJ = Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
YYR = Goose Bay, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
YYT = St. John's Airport, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
YYZ = Toronto Pearson International Airport, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada near Toronto
YZF = Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada
YZR = Sarnia, Ontario, Canada
YZV = Sept-Iles, Quebec, Canada

ZAD = Zadar, Croatia
ZAG = Zagreb, Croatia
ZAZ = Zaragoza, Spain
ZBO = Bowen, Australia
ZCL = Zacatecas, Mexico
ZIH = Zihuatenejo, Mexico, near Ixtapa
ZND = Zinder, Niger
ZRH = Zurich International Airport, Zürich, Switzerland ZTH = Zakynthos, Greece

Postal Address Formats

Do you want to make sure that your correspondence will arrive at its destination without unnecessary delays, here is some postal address formats, business culture and etiquette for some countries. This will help you direct your international correspondence properly and ensure that your partner will receive the package/letter.


Dr. [1] Razim [2]
Blemya Afghanistan (PTY) LTD [3]
2nd floor, [4]
Muslim Zaki Market, [5]
Market-e-Kohna (Market-e-Sabeq), [6]
Kabul [7], [8]Afghanistan [9]

[1] Dr. Doctor, Mr. Mister
[2] Family name.
[3] Pty. Ltd. = Proprietary Limited, signifying a (privately owned) corporation.
essentially the same as a UK private limited company (Ltd.)
No liability - as distinct from limited liability, Inc. incorporated association
[4] floor number.
[5] Building name.
Street St. - Avenue, Road, Drive Ave., Rd., Dr. Circle, Circuit, Close, Crescent, Lane, Parade,Place, Terrace Cir., Cct., Cl., Cr., La., Pd., Pl., Tc.
[6] Market specifications
[7] City.
[8] non existent postcode.
[9] افغانستان, Afghānestān, Islamic State of Afghanistan

Afghanistan is administratively divided into thirty-four provinces (welayats)

Sare Pol


Mr. Shkëlqim [1] Zeljko [2]
Blemya Zyrat Qëndrore (Tirana) [3]
Rruga [4] Ismail Qemali, No [5]. 27
P.O. Box 8319 [6]
Tirana[7], Albania

[1] Given name.
[2] Family name.
[3] Translation “Blemya Headquarters (in Titana)
[4] “Rruga” means Street
[5] Street number
[6] P.O. Box in a city center. Use this line for postal delivery
[7] City or delivery-post-office name.
[8] Country Republika e Shqipërisë, IPA [ɾɛˈpubliˌka ɛ ˌʃcipəˈɾiːs] or simply Shqipëria

Albania is divided into 12 counties (Albanian: official qark/qarku, but often prefekturë/prefektura), 36 districts and 351 municipalities.

County, Districts, Capital
1 Berat Berat, Kuçovë, Skrapar Berat
2 Dibër Bulqizë, Dibër, Mat Peshkopi
3 Durrës Durrës, Krujë Durrës
4 Elbasan Elbasan, Gramsh, Librazhd, Peqin Elbasan
5 Fier Fier, Lushnjë, Mallakastër Fier
6 Gjirokastër Gjirokastër, Përmet, Tepelenë Gjirokastër
7 Korçë Devoll, Kolonjë, Korçë, Pogradec Korçë
8 Kukës Has, Kukës, Tropojë Kukës
9 Lezhë Kurbin, Lezhë, Mirditë Lezhë
10 Shkodër Malësi e Madhe, Pukë, Shkodër Shkodër
11 Tirana Kavajë, Tirana Tirana
12 Vlorë Delvinë, Sarandë, Vlorë Vlorë

Some English / Albanian usefull words
Train station / Stacioni i trenit
Bus station / Stacioni i autobuzit
Airport / Aeroporti
Youth hostel / Hosteli i të rinjve?
Hotel / Hoteli
British-American-Brazilian-Poruguese-Australian consulate / Ambasada #Angleze –Amerikane- braziliane-Portugalisht -Australiane


Sr.[1] Luiz [2] Pagano[3]
Blemya Internacional S.A.[4]
Av Federico Lacroze [5] 65,[6] 10° P.[7] "B"[8]
1426[9] BUENOS AIRES[10]

[1] Sr. = Señor, meaning "Mr."
[2] Given name.
[3] Family name.
[4] S.A. = Sociedad Anónima, Anonymous society (Anonymous corporation) = Public Limited Company, or Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (equivalent to S.L.) Professional Limited Liability Company
[5] Street name; Calle, meaning "street," , Av. Avenida “Avenue”.
[6] Building number.
[7] 8° means 8th; P. = Piso, meaning "floor."
[8] Room or suite C; sometimes a number instead of a letter.
[9] Four-digit postcode
[10] City or delivery-post-office name.

Argentina is divided into 23 provinces (provincias) plus the Federal Capital District.

Buenos Aires Misiones
Catamarca Neuquén
Chaco Río Negro
Chubut Salta
Córdoba San Juan
Corrientes San Luis
Entre Ríos Santa Cruz
Formosa Santa Fé
Jujuy Santiago del Estero
La Pampa Tierra el Fuego
La Rioja Tucumán


Mr. Anton[1] Weeks[2]
Blemya Internacional Pty. Ltd.[3]
42[4] Clarence[5] Street,[6] Level [7] 9
GPO Box[8] 3309
SYDNEY[9] NSW[10] 2001[11]

[1] Given name.
[2] Family name.
[3] Pty. Ltd. = Proprietary Limited, signifying a (privately owned) corporation.
essentially the same as a UK private limited company (Ltd.)
No liability - as distinct from limited liability, Inc. incorporated association
[4] Building number.
[5] Street name.
Street St. - Avenue, Road, Drive Ave., Rd., Dr. Circle, Circuit, Close, Crescent, Lane, Parade,Place, Terrace Cir., Cct., Cl., Cr., La., Pd., Pl., Tc.
[6] Use the Street word.
[7] Level means "floor." Use this line, not the following line, for freight and courier deliveries.
[8] GPO Box means a P.O. Box in a city center. Use this line for postal delivery, not the line above.
[9] City or delivery-post-office name, in capitals. Two spaces must follow the city name.
[10] State abbreviation, without periods. Two spaces must follow the state abbreviation.
[11] Four-digit postcode (for the box address); essential.


State, Abbreviation, Capital
New South Wales, NSW, Sydney
Queensland, QLD, Brisbane
South Australia, SA, Adelaide
Tasmania, TAS, Hobart
Victoria, VIC, Melbourne
Western Australia, WA, Perth

Thursday, October 11, 2007

Trade & Travel Network.

Civilization is completely dependent on trade to grow up, and travel makes that possible. The sea and waterways are the most widely used mode for transporting goods, but economic progress and mobility are in process of constant improvement by developing new routes and means of transportation.
A complex route network centralized in northern hemisphere provides more efficient and fast mass globe transport, mail and urgent freight.
Cargo ships uses almost the same main aerial routes, crossing the oceans port to port with basic commodities to the international Trade.

Ports & Airports – Facts & Figures

The world’s largest airport in area is the International King Khalid airport, in Saudi Arabia, with its total area reaching 225 square kilometers.

The American largest airport is the International Montréal-Mirabel airport, in Mirabel, Canada, with its area reaching 150 square kilometers.

The world’s busiest passenger airport is the International Hartsfield Airport in Atlanta, US. It sees an immense 88. millions passengers in one year, followed by International O’Hare in Chicago, Illinois, also in US that reached 77 million passengers in 2004.

Heathrow International Airport in London is the world’s busiest airport by international passenger traffic; it reaches 460 thousand landings and departures each year. 80% of its 67 million passengers are international flights.

The busiest domestic flight passenger airport is the Los Angeles International Airport. Almost 60% of its 60 million passenger traffic has Los Angeles metropolitan area as a destination or departure point.

The world’s busiest cargo airport is the Memphis International Airport, Tennessee, US. There operates the FEDEX operational center.

Bangda, Airport in Tibet is one of the highest airports in the world, with an altitude of 4,334 meters. At 5,500m, runway is the longest public use runway in the world.

The world’s biggest landing site is located at Air Force Base Edwards, California – coordinates 34°49'27.92"N 117°51'37.11"W. This non pavemented landing site has 12.000 meters. Is normally used as the Space Shuttle landing site.

Porto of Santos has reached the 39 position among the most busiest ports in the world, advanced 5 grades in comparison to the last year, total of 2.446 millions TEUS (unities equal of a 20’ container).

The six busiest ports in containers handling are in Asia ; Singapore with 24,7 million containers each year, Hong Kong 21,7 millions, Shanghai 21,7 million, Shenzhen 18,4 millions, Busan 12,03 millions, Kaohsiung 9,7 millions. The seventh position belongs to Rotterdam in the Netherlands, with 9,6 millions.

World transport mode participation:

Air Transport 0,4%
Water Transport 13,6%
Pipes Transport 4,2%
Road Transport 61,1%
Rail Transport 20,7%

Container Management

4.4 billion People has traveled by air in 2006.

The number of passengers in 2006 has increase 4.8% when compared with 2005, on cargo operations shows an increase of 3.6% in the same period. This was the final result of ACI (Airports Council International) research performed in 1.100 member airports. 4.4 billion Passengers and 85.6 million metric tons of cargo were shipped through the sky in 2006.

Sunday, October 7, 2007

Perfect society and World Peace

In 1935 Pope Pius XI canonized in the Catholic Church Sir Thomas Moore (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535) later declared by Pope John Paul II the patron saint of politicians and statesmen. His feast day is celebrated every June 22.
In 1515 Saint Thomas More wrote his most famous and controversial work, Utopia, a novel in which a fictional traveler, Raphael Hythloday (whose first name is an allusion to the archangel Raphael, who was the purveyor of truth, and whose surname means "speaker of nonsense" in Greek), describes the political arrangements of the imaginary island of Utopia (the Greek ou-topos, means "no place", and eu-topos, means "good place).
In the book, More tells the history of the perfectly orderly and reasonable social arrangements of the Utopia and its surrounding lands (Tallstoria, Nolandia, and Aircastle). In Utopia, private property does not exist and almost complete religious toleration is practiced. The primary message of the book is the need for order and discipline, rather than liberty. The society described is almost totalitarian, and very far removed from present day ideals of freedom.
In a way it sounds like Karl Marx's later vision of the ideal communist state.
Values like freedom, respecting the other person and their right to a different opinion were not considered in important in his study.
The premise behind the idea of a perfect society is that we all could leave in harmony in a prosperous way if we have world peace.
World peace is an ideal of freedom, peace, and happiness among and within all nations. It is the professed ambition of many past and present world leaders, also the professed desire of many Miss World contestants.
The conflict-free interaction between all humans is seen by some as highly improbable, due to the wide range of behaviour and personal circumstances that exist.
Suppositions about what might or might not work to achieve world peace are abundant, but better than theories, is practice.
On April 1st 2005 an auction was taking place at La Fonda Hotel Santa Fe New Mexico to raise funds for tsunami victims. Under the title Auction of Compassion Amma once again, was behind another humanitarian program.Amma (Mātā Amritanandamayī Devi, Devanagiri: माता अमृतानन्‍दमयी - Malayalam: മാതാ അമൃതാനന്ദമയി )was born in September 27th 1953, in a small poor fishing village, Parayakadavu in the Quilon district of Kerala. The entire birth was silent and the mother felt almost nothing. "The baby looked at me with a penetrating gaze and a benevolent smile on her tiny face" said Amma's mother Damayanthiand.
"When one beholds the entire universe as a play of Consciousness, what else can one do but smile?" Amma explains.
The first auction, held in the in spring of 2002, supplied funding to build 21 houses in India for the poor. The 2003 auction brought in funds for 36 houses, and 2004 built 54 houses. The 2005 auction funds directly supported Amma's tsunami relief efforts rised 100 crores [1 billion rupees or approx. $23,364,486 U.S.D.] to rehabilitate and reconstruct homes in South India that were completely destroyed by the tsunami.
Amma has created ashrams "places where people can devote all their time and energy to the remembrance of God, doing selfless service and developing qualities such as love, patience and respect for others".
Her first spiritual ashram center was establisted in Amritapuri, Kerala on May 6, 1981. Today, the group is spreading across 33 countries worldwide including the United States, Canada. Present in Europe, Middle East, Asia, Australia and Africa, with 12 temples, one super-speciality hospital in Kochi, feeds thousands during mass kitchen, provides pension every year to over 15,000 widows, builds 25,000 houses annually for the homeless and has 35 Amma welfare centres all over the world.
Amma always embraces or kisses people one by one, it is a process of purification and inner healing when Amma transmits a part of Her pure, vital energy into Her children (Amma means mother). There was this day in India that Amma has individually embrace over 20,000 people in the same day, sitting sometimes for over 22 hours.
Once a press reporter asked Amma how was it possible for her to embrace each and every one in the same loving way, even if they were diseased or unpleasant. Amma replied, “ When a bee hovers over a garden of varied flowers, what it beholds is not the difference between the flowers but the honey within them“.The United Nations General Assembly biggest effort to promote world peace was the creation of the University for Peace (UPEACE) in 1980 headquartered in Costa Rica. As determined in the Charter of the University and endorsed by the UPEACE Council, the mission of the University for Peace is: “to provide humanity with an international institution of higher education for peace with the aim of promoting among all human beings the spirit of understanding, tolerance and peaceful coexistence, to stimulate cooperation among peoples and to help lessen obstacles and threats to world peace and progress, in keeping with the noble aspirations proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations.”
For those who are unable to attend courses in Costa Rica and want to be part of the team the UPEACE Sharing Knowledge for Peace Program (SKP) was created as a distance learning initiative trough state-of-the-art dissemination methods.But, If you don’t need an university to practice world peace, maybe you have something in common with Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (August 26, 1910 – September 5, 1997) born in Skopje the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
In 1982, at the height of the Siege of Beirut, Agnes rescued 37 children trapped in a front line hospital by brokering a temporary cease-fire between the Israeli army and Palestinian guerrillas. Accompanied by Red Cross workers, she traveled through the war zone to the devastated hospital to evacuate the young patients.
Agnes was an experienced nun who took her first religious vows on 24 May 1931.Has founded the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her humanitarian work. For over forty years she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. Inspired in Thérèse de Lisieux, the patron saint of missionaries, Agnes chose the name Teresa, name which she was beatified by Pope John Paul II as the Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.

Tuesday, October 2, 2007

World's coolest hotels

Luiz Pagano, creator of Blemya staying in the coolest hotels around the world - Altstadt in Salzburg, Albergo D'Inghilterra in Rome, etc.
The 79-year-old Peninsula ) (legendary known as La Grande Dame) received last year $6 million response to the new competitors in the country and unveiled Peninsula Spa.
The Peninsula Spa has everything you would expect: elegant treatment rooms with harbor views, private vip suites, hammam-style steam rooms, aromatherapy "experience showers".
Salisbury Road
Tsimshatsui Kowloon
Hong Kong

Albergo D’Inghilterra - Inghilterra Hotel is elegant, cosy and refined, gave hospitality to many great and restless spirits who wanted to be near the chic Via del Corso. Personalities such as Ernest Hemingway to Anatole France, Calder, Liszt, Mendelssohn and Hans Christian Andersen. Via Bocca di Leone, 1400187

Roma Italy

Tel 06 699811

Fax 06 69922243

Radisson Hotel Altstadt Salzburg's

Salzburg's Altstadt ( ) (old town), on the south bank of the river, is a Baroque fiesta of medieval spirit. Member of schlosshotels (castle hotels) fits perfectly Salzburg’s musical atmosphere.
Radisson Hotel Altstadt
Judengasse 15 Rudolfskai 28 –
Salzburg, Austria 5020

Phillippe Starck 56, has created his first project in South America: the new Faena Hotel + Universe, an 83-ultra-luxurious rooms and suites. converted grain silo in Buenos Aires.
Faena Hotel + Universe
445 Martha Salotti Street
(Puerto Madero),
Buenos Aires, Argentina

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